(Isaiah 1:1) The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

Isaiah prophecies are about the southern kingdom. He mentions the northern kingdom and Samaria but he is not directing his words to them.

My view of how divine revelation from God to humans via a prophet works: The Spirit of God plants ideas, thoughts, and concepts in the mind of the prophet who passes them along using their own thinking, modes of thought, personality, character, and etc. Sometimes the divine revelation consists in specific words in the language of the prophet that they pass on word for word.

(Isaiah 1:2) Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.

(Isaiah 1:3) The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass [donkey] his master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.

Technically, the southern kingdom of Judah with its capital of Jerusalem is the nation of Israel since the northern tribes split off to set up their own kingdom with their own worship. Often, the word "Israel" refers to the northern kingdom but it also refers to the southern kingdom which still maintains true temple worship.

(Isaiah 1:4) Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.

(Isaiah 1:5) Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

(Isaiah 1:6) From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment.

(Isaiah 1:7) Your country is desolate, your cities are burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is desolate, as overthrown by strangers.

(Isaiah 1:8) And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.

(Isaiah 1:9) Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, and we should have been like unto Gomorrah.

(Isaiah 1:10) Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.

(Isaiah 1:11) To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.

(Isaiah 1:12) When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts?

(Isaiah 1:13) Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting.

(Isaiah 1:14) Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them.

(Isaiah 1:15) And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.

(Isaiah 1:16) Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;

(Isaiah 1:17) Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.

(Isaiah 1:18) Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.

(Isaiah 1:19) If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land:

(Isaiah 1:20) But if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

(Isaiah 1:21) How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers.

(Isaiah 1:22) Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water:

(Isaiah 1:23) Thy princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.

(Isaiah 1:24) Therefore saith the LORD, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies:

(Isaiah 1:25) And I will turn my hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin:

(Isaiah 1:26) And I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy counsellors as at the beginning: afterward thou shalt be called, The city of righteousness, the faithful city.

(Isaiah 1:27) Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and her converts with righteousness.

(Isaiah 1:28) And the destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners shall be together, and they that forsake the LORD shall be consumed.

(Isaiah 1:29) For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.

(Isaiah 1:30) For ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water.

(Isaiah 1:31) And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

The Last Days

In this chapter we read of a glorious time called the "last days" and the time of judgment immediately preceding it called the "day of the Lord" or "that day".

(Isaiah 2:1) The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.

This prophecy concerns God's chosen people which after Solomon's reign split into two kingdoms: Judah and Israel. Only the southern kingdom, Judah, retained the true temple worship instituted by God.

(Isaiah 2:2) And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.

This prophecy concerns the last days. But when are these? Some possibilities...

  1. The Church Age starting from the time of Jesus and the apostles
  2. A yet-future 1,000 year millennium
  3. The new heavens and new earth (this is my view)

In my view the "last days" refers to the new heavens and new earth having a reconstituted nation of Israel populated with the 144,000 living under the Mosaic Law with temple worship. Some Jews will wish to remain Jewish for all eternity in their resurrected bodies and will remain associated with Israel, living there or regularly making pilgrimages to there.

(Isaiah 2:3) And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

During these last days Jerusalem will be the center of spiritual truth, of God's presence. God will proclaim his law from there. As the next verse states, there will never again be war after this time. This means that sin and death have been judged. This is the fatal flaw of those having the various 1,000 year millennial views with a final war against Christ afterwards.

(Isaiah 2:4) And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

There will never again be wars.

Notice there are plowshares and pruninghooks. This implies there is agriculture.

First God will judge, then there will be this time of eternal peace.

(Isaiah 2:5) O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.

God desires that every person of his chosen nation of Israel would choose to follow him for all eternity. This includes those who had already died when Isaiah prophesied, those alive to hear Isaiah, those alive at the time but who didn't hear Isaiah, and all yet-unborn future generations. Notice God reaches through time to interact with every person, with every soul. For those who will hear Isaiah or read his words, they can find comfort and direction in this word of the Lord. Once a person dies they meet Christ face to face and make their final choice to follow him or reject him.

The Wicked Ways of the People

(Isaiah 2:6) Therefore thou hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from the east, and are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they please themselves in the children of strangers.

Referring to deriving spiritual meaning and energy from the pagan practices of those nations around them. They allow these to guide and teach them and to lead their spiritual practices.

God can't be in the presence of sin, he is repelled by it. Only in living out a life of righteousness can we draw God near to us. In fact, judgment against the wicked is merely them pushing out God's presence out of their living experience. Final judgment to damnation is when a person chooses to forever reject having God's direct presence.

(Isaiah 2:7) Their land also is full of silver and gold, neither is there any end of their treasures; their land is also full of horses, neither is there any end of their chariots:

Rampant materialism, the same as today.

(Isaiah 2:8) Their land also is full of idols; they worship the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made:

(Isaiah 2:9) And the mean [common] man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself: therefore forgive them not.

Notice people of all groups worship idols in violation of the first two commandments.


(Isaiah 2:10) Enter into the rock, and hide thee in the dust, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty.

After a wicked person dies their spiritual body continues to have various experiences as they await judgment shortly thereafter. As Christ comes to them revealing his glory, they will hide in the rocks.

(Isaiah 2:11) The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.

This "day of the Lord" will be a day of judgment in which those who have rejected God to serve idols will be judged. This occurs at the death of each wicked person.

(Isaiah 2:12) For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low:

Is this limited to people who happened to be alive at the time these events occurred? It seems to refer to everyone indicating it is an event in the spiritual realm experienced by all. If so, it must occur after every person to ever be born has been born; most died centuries and millennia before, a few are alive on earth as the last generation.

Because of these considerations it is clear that this "day of the Lord" can only refer to (1) each wicked person's judgment at their death, and/or (2) the final judgment to be immediately followed by the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 2:13) And upon all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan,

Even the trees will be judged. They are high and lifted up because humans use them in ways that do not honor God. These wrong ideas about the trees have become attached to the souls of the trees; a goal of judgment is to purify everything back to its proper condition as intended by God. There will be trees in the new heavens and new earth. I should mention, the souls of trees are much more limited than the souls of humans and animals; limited to attributes such as survival, reproduction, beingness, perhaps a very low-grade consciousness or awareness of existence, probably aware of God's presence and able to worship him.

(Isaiah 2:14) And upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up,

Even the mountains will be judged. They are high and lifted up because humans trust in them for safety from enemies in battle. These wrong ideas about mountains have become attached to the souls of the mountains; a goal of judgment is to purify everything back to its proper condition as intended by God. There will be hills and mountains in the new heavens and new earth. I should mention, the souls of mountains are much more limited than the souls of even plants; limited to attributes such as beingness, and not much else.

(Isaiah 2:15) And upon every high tower, and upon every fenced wall,

More things high and lifted up that humans trust rather than trusting in God.

(Isaiah 2:16) And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures [things looked upon].

(Isaiah 2:17) And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.

Anyone wishing to live in utopia forever should exalt God first; only things pleasing to God will endure. Things repulsive to God will be forever destroyed, not annihilated, but in the continual state of being judged and destroyed; burned in the fire.

(Isaiah 2:18) And the idols he shall utterly abolish.

(Isaiah 2:19) And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.

At the second coming of Christ there will be grand geologic manifestations such as earthquakes and volcanoes. But most people will have died centuries or millennia before, so this verse applies to them as they experience these kinds of things with the spiritual body after death as Christ reveals himself to them and they try to hide.

(Isaiah 2:20) In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made each one for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats;

I'm guessing people in that day interacted with moles and bats more than most people do today. We might think instead of rats and cockroaches.

(Isaiah 2:21) To go into the clefts of the rocks, and into the tops of the ragged rocks, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.

When God arises to judge, the whole earth shakes. Every aspect of the physical universe and the spiritual realm interacts with God, derives its very existence from God, responds to God's movements in a tangible way.

(Isaiah 2:22) Cease [regarding] ye from man, whose breath is in his nostrils: for wherein is he to be accounted of [esteemed]?

The final advice on this topic; in spiritual matters, look to God and his word, not to humans.

(Isaiah 3:1) For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water.

(Isaiah 3:2) The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,

(Isaiah 3:3) The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.

(Isaiah 3:4) And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them.

(Isaiah 3:5) And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the ancient, and the base against the honourable.

(Isaiah 3:6) When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand:

(Isaiah 3:7) In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing: make me not a ruler of the people.

(Isaiah 3:8) For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

(Isaiah 3:9) The shew of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.

(Isaiah 3:10) Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.

(Isaiah 3:11) Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.

(Isaiah 3:12) As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.

(Isaiah 3:13) The LORD standeth up to plead, and standeth to judge the people.

(Isaiah 3:14) The LORD will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor is in your houses.

(Isaiah 3:15) What mean ye that ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.

(Isaiah 3:16) Moreover the LORD saith, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet:

(Isaiah 3:17) Therefore the LORD will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the LORD will discover their secret parts.

(Isaiah 3:18) In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of their tinkling ornaments about their feet, and their cauls, and their round tires like the moon,

(Isaiah 3:19) The chains, and the bracelets, and the mufflers,

(Isaiah 3:20) The bonnets, and the ornaments of the legs, and the headbands, and the tablets, and the earrings,

(Isaiah 3:21) The rings, and nose jewels,

(Isaiah 3:22) The changeable suits of apparel, and the mantles, and the wimples, and the crisping pins,

(Isaiah 3:23) The glasses, and the fine linen, and the hoods, and the vails.

(Isaiah 3:24) And it shall come to pass, that instead of sweet smell there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead of well set hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty.

(Isaiah 3:25) Thy men shall fall by the sword, and thy mighty in the war.

(Isaiah 3:26) And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground.

(Isaiah 4:1) And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name, to take away our reproach.

(Isaiah 4:2) In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.

Verse 4 informs us when "that day" is.

(Isaiah 4:3) And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written among the living in Jerusalem:

(Isaiah 4:4) When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.

(Isaiah 4:5) And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence.

(Isaiah 4:6) And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the day time from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain.

(Isaiah 5:1) Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill:

(Isaiah 5:2) And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.

(Isaiah 5:3) And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.

(Isaiah 5:4) What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?

(Isaiah 5:5) And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:

(Isaiah 5:6) And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.

(Isaiah 5:7) For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

(Isaiah 5:8) Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place, that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!

Oops! We are commanded of God to fill the earth and multiply. But we are to leave room between our houses and land. Also, we are to allow the poor and needy to wander among our fields and collect some of the harvest for food. This system only works when we leave room for them. Some people are not satisfied with what they have so they keep buying the houses and fields adjoining theirs until they own huge tracts of land and, effectively, drive out everyone else. They can then enjoy it all by themselves. This seems to me to be an apt description of the worst of capitalism, that it makes the rich richer and the poor poorer, and it creates a great divide between rich and poor. The rich use up all the resources for themselves and exploit the weak and poor who must sell their labor for a pittance or even become slaves. I think this verse also speaks of overpopulation. While it is energy efficient to live and work in high-rise buildings, this tends to create overpopulation in which non-replenishable resources are someday depleted and the system comes crashing down causing great suffering. We are well on the way to this unhappy outcome.

(Isaiah 5:9) In mine ears said the LORD of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, even great and fair, without inhabitant.

(Isaiah 5:10) Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

(Isaiah 5:11) Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them!

(Isaiah 5:12) And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.

(Isaiah 5:13) Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because they have no knowledge: and their honourable men are famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst.

(Isaiah 5:14) Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.

(Isaiah 5:15) And the mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled:

(Isaiah 5:16) But the LORD of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness.

(Isaiah 5:17) Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.

(Isaiah 5:18) Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope:

(Isaiah 5:19) That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know it!

(Isaiah 5:20) Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!

(Isaiah 5:21) Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight!

(Isaiah 5:22) Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle [mix] strong drink:

Strong drink: contains alcohol, as does the wine (which is not merely grape juice. People who teach the wine in the Bible was merely grape juice are idiots.) The same images of warriors: mighty men, strong men. Drunkenness is a mortal sin. I recommend abstaining from alcohol; it has no beneficial effects, makes you stink, and damages your liver.

(Isaiah 5:23) Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!

(Isaiah 5:24) Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

(Isaiah 5:25) Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills did tremble, and their carcases were torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.

(Isaiah 5:26) And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far, and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth: and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly:

(Isaiah 5:27) None shall be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken:

(Isaiah 5:28) Whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind:

(Isaiah 5:29) Their roaring shall be like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yea, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry it away safe, and none shall deliver it.

(Isaiah 5:30) And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if one look unto the land, behold darkness and sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.

(Isaiah 6:1) In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the LORD sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple.

This vision is similar to Ezekiel and Revelation.

(Isaiah 6:2) Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly.

(Isaiah 6:3) And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory.

(Isaiah 6:4) And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.

(Isaiah 6:5) Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts.

Notice: in God's presence we become painfully aware of sin.

(Isaiah 6:6) Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar:

(Isaiah 6:7) And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged.

Isaiah was purged of his sin.

(Isaiah 6:8) Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me.

Isaiah was now a suitable vessel having been purged of his sin.

I suppose if you ever hear God ask this question the assumed correct answer is, "send me".

Those who truly love God will desire to serve him. The flesh may be weak and may falter but will endure to the end.

(Isaiah 6:9) And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.

(Isaiah 6:10) Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.

(Isaiah 6:11) Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate,

(Isaiah 6:12) And the LORD have removed men far away, and there be a great forsaking in the midst of the land.

(Isaiah 6:13) But yet in it shall be a tenth, and it shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance is in them, when they cast their leaves: so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof.

(Isaiah 7:1) And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.

(Isaiah 7:2) And it was told the house of David, saying, Syria is confederate with Ephraim. And his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the wood are moved with the wind.

(Isaiah 7:3) Then said the LORD unto Isaiah, Go forth now to meet Ahaz, thou, and Shearjashub thy son, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field;

(Isaiah 7:4) And say unto him, Take heed, and be quiet; fear not, neither be fainthearted for the two tails of these smoking firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin with Syria, and of the son of Remaliah.

(Isaiah 7:5) Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son of Remaliah, have taken evil counsel against thee, saying,

(Isaiah 7:6) Let us go up against Judah, and vex it, and let us make a breach therein for us, and set a king in the midst of it, even the son of Tabeal:

(Isaiah 7:7) Thus saith the Lord GOD, It shall not stand, neither shall it come to pass.

(Isaiah 7:8) For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin; and within threescore and five years shall Ephraim be broken, that it be not a people.

(Isaiah 7:9) And the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is Remaliah's son. If ye will not believe, surely ye shall not be established.

Ahaz needs to believe that these two are not threats.

(Isaiah 7:10) Moreover the LORD spake again unto Ahaz, saying,

(Isaiah 7:11) Ask thee a sign of the LORD thy God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above.

God offers a sign to help increase his faith.

(Isaiah 7:12) But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt the LORD.

Ahaz was such a faithless man that he wouldn't ask for a sign that this prophecy would occur. He didn't want to believe that God had something good planned. He didn't want to acknowledge the prophet of God.

(Isaiah 7:13) And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my God also?

(Isaiah 7:14) Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Some translate the word "virgin" as "young woman". But in that society, a young woman is a virgin. As it turns out, this woman, a prophetess, becomes Isaiah's wife and the child's name is Mahershalalhashbaz.

Since Ahaz wouldn't propose a sign, God offered one anyway.

This verse was never considered a Messianic prophecy by the Jews, only by the Christians.

(Isaiah 7:15) Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.

(Isaiah 7:16) For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings.

The good news: those two kings will not invade.

(Isaiah 7:17) The LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria.

The bad news: The Assyrians will invade.

(Isaiah 7:18) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria.

(Isaiah 7:19) And they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon all bushes.

(Isaiah 7:20) In the same day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired, namely, by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of the feet: and it shall also consume the beard.

(Isaiah 7:21) And it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall nourish a young cow, and two sheep;

(Isaiah 7:22) And it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk that they shall give he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land.

(Isaiah 7:23) And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, it shall even be for briers and thorns.

(Isaiah 7:24) With arrows and with bows shall men come thither; because all the land shall become briers and thorns.

(Isaiah 7:25) And on all hills that shall be digged with the mattock, there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns: but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of lesser cattle.

(Isaiah 8:1) Moreover the LORD said unto me, Take thee a great roll, and write in it with a man's pen concerning Mahershalalhashbaz.

(Isaiah 8:2) And I took unto me faithful witnesses to record, Uriah the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.

(Isaiah 8:3) And I went unto the prophetess; and she conceived, and bare a son. Then said the LORD to me, Call his name Mahershalalhashbaz.

(Isaiah 8:4) For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother, the riches of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria shall be taken away before the king of Assyria.

(Isaiah 8:5) The LORD spake also unto me again, saying,

(Isaiah 8:6) Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son;

The waters of Shiloah are spring waters in Jerusalem. Apparently, Ahaz sought outside help in dealing with his two enemies, Rezin and Pekah, Remaliah's son.

(Isaiah 8:7) Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks:

(Isaiah 8:8) And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.

(Isaiah 8:9) Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces.

(Isaiah 8:10) Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us.

(Isaiah 8:11) For the LORD spake thus to me with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying,

(Isaiah 8:12) Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid.

(Isaiah 8:13) Sanctify [regard as holy] the LORD of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.

Perhaps we are to have fear and dread of God because the alternative is to have it toward pagan idols or even humans.

What does the phrase "Lord of hosts" mean? If hosts are angels, that is to say, spiritual creatures residing within the spiritual realm, then God is supreme over the angels. In fact, angels are sometimes referred to as the "angel of the Lord", meaning, the "angel of the Lord of hosts".

(Isaiah 8:14) And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 8:15) And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.

(Isaiah 8:16) Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.

(Isaiah 8:17) And I will wait upon the LORD, that hideth his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.

The writer of Hebrews quotes part of this verse as "I will put my trust in him" but this is only in the Septuagint, meaning, (1) the apostles spoke Greek, and (2) they considered the Septuagint translation as valid.

(Isaiah 8:18) Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion.

(Isaiah 8:19) And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep, and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? for the living to the dead?

(Isaiah 8:20) To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

(Isaiah 8:21) And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward.

(Isaiah 8:22) And they shall look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and they shall be driven to darkness.

Those walking in darkness will see a great light

(Isaiah 9:1) Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations.

(Isaiah 9:2) The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.

The people referred to at the time of Isaiah are not the ones to see the great light, to experience redemption from their woes. Those at the time of Christ see him as the great light. But finally with the new heavens and new earth all the redeemed will bask in this great light, in the eternal presence of Jesus Christ.

(Isaiah 9:3) Thou hast multiplied the nation, and  not  increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.

A weird image, of warriors happy after plundering the goods of those they vanquished.

(Isaiah 9:4) For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian.

(Isaiah 9:5) For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire.

Unto us a child is born

(Isaiah 9:6) For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

(Isaiah 9:7) Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

I interpret this verse literally. Some implications usually ignored...

  1. The resurrected king David will rule forever in Jerusalem in the new heavens and new earth over other redeemed Jews who wish to live as Jews forever in the land promised to Abraham. Rulership will not involve wars and angry squabbles, but civic concerns, the management of a utopia.
  2. There is growth forever in the new heavens and new earth. Since it has a physical component this implies God keeps creating space, matter, and energy; perhaps in the form of new universes people can relocate to.
  3. The only way there will be growth is via procreation; what else could growth possibly mean? What else can increase if not the number of humans (and animals, and plants)? Therefore, there is procreation in the new heavens and new earth. Even in our world today a growing economy results from growing population; there is a limit to how much stuff each person can possess.

(Isaiah 9:8) The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel.

(Isaiah 9:9) And all the people shall know, even Ephraim and the inhabitant of Samaria, that say in the pride and stoutness of heart,

(Isaiah 9:10) The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycomores are cut down, but we will change them into cedars.

(Isaiah 9:11) Therefore the LORD shall set up the adversaries of Rezin against him, and join his enemies together;

(Isaiah 9:12) The Syrians before, and the Philistines behind; and they shall devour Israel with open mouth. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.

(Isaiah 9:13) For the people turneth not unto him that smiteth them, neither do they seek the LORD of hosts.

(Isaiah 9:14) Therefore the LORD will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch and rush, in one day.

(Isaiah 9:15) The ancient and honourable, he is the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he is the tail.

(Isaiah 9:16) For the leaders of this people cause them to err; and they that are led of them are destroyed.

(Isaiah 9:17) Therefore the LORD shall have no joy in their young men, neither shall have mercy on their fatherless and widows: for every one is an hypocrite and an evildoer, and every mouth speaketh folly. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.

(Isaiah 9:18) For wickedness burneth as the fire: it shall devour the briers and thorns, and shall kindle in the thickets of the forest, and they shall mount up like the lifting up of smoke.

Notice how the image of a wildfire burning out of control enters into your mind upon reading this verse. This image has a real substantive existence in your mind and soul in the spiritual realm. For this reason, this verse is strictly literal, not a mere figure of speech. The mind applies the image of burning to the object of God's wrath, and these are literally burned up, all in the spiritual realm. The problem with calling this a figure of speech is it creates an additional level of abstraction while reading and thus dilutes the meaning. You have to calculate that the images of fire and burning means judgment and in so doing, poof, the magic is gone. Your mind takes its focus off the words while it performs the transformation of the images from what they are into the new meaning. It is as if you remove the images of fire and burning in the sentence and replace them with the concept of judgment.

(Isaiah 9:19) Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire: no man shall spare his brother.

God doesn't actively harm people. As they wander off from God's holiness, the become prey to the spiritual powers of darkness. The sin and evil of this world activate those having power and influence, leading them to harm people. Remaining in God's will helps us by keeping us free from some of this, but this world is dominated by the powers of darkness so that even holy people are harmed by it. God does not see evil and sin.

(Isaiah 9:20) And he shall snatch on the right hand, and be hungry; and he shall eat on the left hand, and they shall not be satisfied: they shall eat every man the flesh of his own arm:

(Isaiah 9:21) Manasseh, Ephraim; and Ephraim, Manasseh: and they together shall be against Judah. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.

(Isaiah 10:1) Woe unto them that decree unrighteous decrees, and that write grievousness which they have prescribed;

(Isaiah 10:2) To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey, and that they may rob the fatherless!

(Isaiah 10:3) And what will ye do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation which shall come from far? to whom will ye flee for help? and where will ye leave your glory?

(Isaiah 10:4) Without me they shall bow down under the prisoners, and they shall fall under the slain. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.

(Isaiah 10:5) O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation.

(Isaiah 10:6) I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.

(Isaiah 10:7) Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few.

(Isaiah 10:8) For he saith, Are not my princes altogether kings?

(Isaiah 10:9) Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

(Isaiah 10:10) As my hand hath found the kingdoms of the idols, and whose graven images did excel them of Jerusalem and of Samaria;

(Isaiah 10:11) Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols?

(Isaiah 10:12) Wherefore it shall come to pass, that when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.

(Isaiah 10:13) For he saith, By the strength of my hand I have done it, and by my wisdom; for I am prudent: and I have removed the bounds [boundaries] of the people, and have robbed their treasures, and I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant man:

God admits he does this, like a mighty man. This is how God acts in the presence of evil, wickedness, and sin; he judges it and refuses to allow it into his presence. Their sin results in their becoming ever more depraved until it triggers God's holy judgment. God allows a certain amount of sin and even blesses those sinning, but the sin itself inhibits interaction with God; only by being distant from us can God tolerate the sin, by not seeing it, by not looking upon it. He sort of interacts with us with his eyes closed and his back toward us and throws blessings our way over his shoulder. But once he begins to turn around, to face us squarely, judgment begins. The more directly we interact with God, the more our sin interferes and the more he must judge the sin.

(Isaiah 10:14) And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people: and as one gathereth eggs that are left, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped.

(Isaiah 10:15) Shall the axe boast itself against him that heweth [cuts down] therewith? or shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh [saws with] it? as if the rod should shake itself against them that lift it up, or as if the staff should lift up itself, as if it were no wood.

(Isaiah 10:16) Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and under his glory he shall kindle a burning like the burning of a fire.

From the next verse we see that the word "fire" is a figure of speech.

(Isaiah 10:17) And the light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame: and it shall burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day;

The fire and flame are similes having the word "as" nearby. Just as fire burns prickly bushes and the thorns on them, so also, the Holy Spirit burns away spiritual deadness.

(Isaiah 10:18) And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when a standard-bearer fainteth.

(Isaiah 10:19) And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few, that a child may write them.

(Isaiah 10:20) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth.

(Isaiah 10:21) The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God.

(Isaiah 10:22) For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness.

(Isaiah 10:23) For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption [destruction], even determined [decreed], in the midst of all the land.

(Isaiah 10:24) Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt.

The Assyrians did not physically harm the people of Jerusalem just as the Egyptians did not harm the Israelites when they were trapped by the Red Sea during the Exodus. I can imagine the seemingly impossibility of not being afraid in this situation, of trusting in God for safety, even for those who are faithful and loyal to God.

The image of hitting with a rod is clearly an idiom. Even though I have adopted a strictly literal system of interpretation, there are cases where idioms come into play. In this example, it must be an idiom for several reasons: (1) a person (the Assyrian, singular) simply cannot strike a whole city with a rod unless he lines them up and does it one-by-one; (2) neither would an army of warriors (the Assyrians) strike them with literal rods, they probably didn't even carry rods, but swords. Idioms are not figures of speech, at least not according to several dictionaries.

That being said, I believe these images of rods and such actually occur in the spiritual realm and are, therefore, strictly literal after all — literal (spiritual) people (Assyrians) literally hitting other (literal, spiritual) people (Israelites) with literal rods; just as in dreams we act out life's events in symbolic acts and images. I can imagine some of these Israelites having fearful dreams of being hit by rods and pursued; Isaiah's words would comfort them and perhaps help them sleep better — next time they dreamed this, they could follow it up with the word of the Lord spoken by Isaiah and feel safe. And isn't that what a relationship with God is all about anyway? in every event of life we tag on remembrance of God and turn our gaze upon his word and his words? Our spiritual life consists in triggering our memory of God and our trust and love of him.

(Isaiah 10:25) For yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and mine anger in their destruction.

(Isaiah 10:26) And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and as his rod was upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.

(Isaiah 10:27) And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.

(Isaiah 10:28) He is come to Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at Michmash he hath laid up his carriages:

(Isaiah 10:29) They are gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled.

(Isaiah 10:30) Lift up thy voice, O daughter of Gallim: cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anathoth.

(Isaiah 10:31) Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee.

(Isaiah 10:32) As yet shall he remain at Nob that day: he shall shake his hand against the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 10:33) Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled.

(Isaiah 10:34) And he shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.

7 Gifts of the Spirit

(Isaiah 11:2) And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;

  1. wisdom
  2. understanding
  3. counsel
  4. fortitude
  5. knowledge
  6. piety (this is not in Isaiah's list)
  7. fear of the Lord

The Branch

(Isaiah 11:1) And there shall come forth a rod [shoot] out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:

Jesse was King David's father. The Messiah would be a descendant of David, the son of David.

(Isaiah 11:2) And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;

It is hard to understand why the Jews didn't notice that this passage refers to a spiritual teacher such as Jesus was, but they didn't notice it.

(Isaiah 11:3) And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:

(Isaiah 11:4) But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.

(Isaiah 11:5) And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.


(Isaiah 11:6) The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid [goat]; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.

(Isaiah 11:7) And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.

(Isaiah 11:8) And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den.

This describes utopia. Several possibilities for interpreting it...

  1. Figurative. It means anything you want it to mean; in other words, it means nothing.
  2. Conditions in a literal 1,000 year earthly millennium after the rapture. It appears rapid evolution has occurred in which the impossible happens (similar to the young-earth view in which carnivores didn't eat other animals until the rapid evolution occurred at the fall of Adam and Eve).
  3. The new heavens and new earth.

Only the third option, the new heavens and new earth, makes any sense at all. The others render the Bible completely unintelligible, subject to the whims of false teachers and wolves in sheep's clothing.

There are animals in the new heavens and new earth. Carnivores don't need to eat, implying, no one needs to eat — eating is optional.

(Isaiah 11:9) They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.

Jerusalem and the temple will exist in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 11:10) And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign [banner] of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

Even non-Jews will seek this rest from the Lord. This rest is, of course, eternity in the new heavens and new earth for the redeemed.

Second Coming of Christ

(Isaiah 11:11) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

God collects his remnant, the true Jews, from all over the world. The first time God collected together his remnant was after the Babylonian captivity of 70 years (yet-future for Isaiah). The second time occurs at the second coming of Christ when he gathers together all the redeemed, living and dead, from everywhere in the world and everywhere in the spiritual realm.

(Isaiah 11:12) And he shall set up an ensign [banner] for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

(Isaiah 11:13) The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.

At Christ's second coming, sin, evil, and wickedness are finally abolished. There will be no more tribal animosities after this.

(Isaiah 11:14) But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward the west; they shall spoil them of the east together: they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.

The arch-enemies of the Israelites will become subject to Israeli political rule. God will grant everyone the desires of their heart.

(Isaiah 11:15) And the LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea [Red Sea?]; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the [Euphrates] river, and shall smite [strike] it in [into] the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod [in sandals].

(Isaiah 11:16) And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.

Just as the Israelites left Egypt by a miraculous crossing of the Red Sea (on a "highway,") so also those in captivity in Assyria will miraculously cross the Euphrates River to return back to the promised land. In the new heavens and new earth, Jews who wish to follow the Jewish law will live in Israel and practice temple worship in Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 12:1) And in that day thou shalt say, O LORD, I will praise thee: though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortedst me.

God won't turn away his anger in the face of sin; that God turns away his anger implies the sinners have stopped sinning, have repented from their sin, have become pure and holy.

God doesn't bother to comfort sinners, those who wallow in the unpleasant effects self-caused by their own sin. Repentance is a requirement to receiving God's comfort, God's peace, God's rest.

(Isaiah 12:2) Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation.

God is my salvation; such a popular phrase. But what exactly are we being saved from? From the wages of sin, from death. God does not only save us; he is life itself, as Jesus said, I am the way, the truth, the life.

(Isaiah 12:3) Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.

(Isaiah 12:4) And in that day shall ye say, Praise the LORD, call upon his name, declare his doings among the people, make mention that his name is exalted.

(Isaiah 12:5) Sing unto the LORD; for he hath done excellent things: this is known in all the earth.

(Isaiah 12:6) Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great is the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.

So many of the commentaries I read use the word "Zion" to mean the Church. They have lost the ability to distinguish application from meaning. In fact this is my objection to the so-called inductive method of Bible study; there is a built-in forced leap from meaning to application. Everything must have an application but the applications usually have nothing to do with the way the original hearers and readers would have applied it. Fundamentalist evangelical Protestant teaching is rife with allegory yet they claim to be literal. Weird.

Against Babylon

(Isaiah 13:1) The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see.

(Isaiah 13:2) Lift ye up a banner upon the high mountain, exalt the voice unto them, shake the hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles.

(Isaiah 13:3) I have commanded my sanctified ones, I have also called my mighty ones for mine anger, even them that rejoice in my highness.

(Isaiah 13:4) The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like as of a great people; a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together: the LORD of hosts mustereth the host of the battle.

(Isaiah 13:5) They come from a far country, from the end of heaven, even the LORD, and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land.

(Isaiah 13:6) Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand; it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty.

Judgment upon a nation or a peoples for their sin is an example of the "day of the Lord". This same phrase is used to refer to the second coming of Christ and to the time of death for each person in which they are judged. Just as we must each wait to be judged until the day of our death, so also the Babylonians would have to wait a while for the judgment prophesied here to occur. When Babylon is finally destroyed, it will be an unhappy event, and people will howl in agony. These judgments against nations are from the Lord even though the agents are often other nations who conquer and destroy them. The Lord allows this to naturally occur to nations that have fallen into depravity and immorality, or that have false religious systems, or that exploit and mistreat their people, especially the poor, weak, and needy: he withdraws his grace from such as these. We in the USA should be concerned as our culture decays.

(Isaiah 13:7) Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every man's heart shall melt:

(Isaiah 13:8) And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces shall be as flames.

(Isaiah 13:9) Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.

The overthrow of the Babylonian empire is called the "day of the Lord".

(Isaiah 13:10) For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.

(Isaiah 13:11) And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.

(Isaiah 13:12) I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir.

(Isaiah 13:13) Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.

The final judgment is associated with signs in the heavens and on earth.

(Isaiah 13:14) And it shall be as the chased roe, and as a sheep that no man taketh up: they shall every man turn to his own people, and flee every one into his own land.

(Isaiah 13:15) Every one that is found shall be thrust through; and every one that is joined unto them shall fall by the sword.

Notice that God's judgment comes from other people, the Medes and Persians, who have no good cause to invade and overthrow the Babylonians. Why would God use unrighteous people to judge other unrighteous people? The answer: he doesn't. God withdraws his blessings and grace from those in sin because he is repulsed by it and can't look upon it. Thus, the wicked punish themselves. I'm tired of hearing Christians say God does bad things, but it's OK because he is outside the moral law. God does not do bad things, nor do the good angels.

(Isaiah 13:16) Their children also shall be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses shall be spoiled, and their wives ravished.

Really? God does this? I don't think so.

(Isaiah 13:17) Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it.

(Isaiah 13:18) Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children.

(Isaiah 13:19) And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.

(Isaiah 13:20) It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there.

The original city was never again inhabited and the buildings eventually collapsed. But long after, people rebuilt and are living there today. It's like saying a village destroyed by the Vikings was never again inhabited even though there may now be a large city at the same location. In other words, if a prophecy says such and such will never happen again, it doesn't mean never.

Probably it was not a good place for sheep and goats because there was no grass in the ruined city having too many stones and few open spaces for grazing.

(Isaiah 13:21) But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful [solitary] creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs [wild goats] shall dance there.

(Isaiah 13:22) And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons [jackals] in their pleasant palaces: and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.

(Isaiah 14:1) For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob.

(Isaiah 14:2) And the people shall take them, and bring them to their place: and the house of Israel shall possess them in the land of the LORD for servants and handmaids: and they shall take them captives, whose captives they were; and they shall rule over their oppressors.

(Isaiah 14:3) And it shall come to pass in the day that the LORD shall give thee rest from thy sorrow, and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou wast made to serve,

(Isaiah 14:4) That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

(Isaiah 14:5) The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the sceptre of the rulers.

(Isaiah 14:6) He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, and none hindereth.

(Isaiah 14:7) The whole earth is at rest, and is quiet: they break forth into singing.

(Isaiah 14:8) Yea, the fir trees rejoice at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art laid down, no feller is come up against us.

(Isaiah 14:9) Hell [sheol] from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.

(Isaiah 14:10) All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we? art thou become like unto us?

(Isaiah 14:11) Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.


(Isaiah 14:12) How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer [morning star = shining one], son of the morning! how art thou cut [cast] down to the ground, [you] which didst weaken the nations!

A clever wordplay of the two meanings of heaven. Lucifer falls out of the sky (heaven) onto the ground where he slithers as a serpent until he tempts Eve. But what is really going on is his fall from the higher spiritual realm where God's direct presence resides to the lower spiritual realm where the spiritual earth resides. Events in this spiritual earth affect the physical earth and its creatures.

(Isaiah 14:13) For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:

As one of the angels, Lucifer was still lower than God. He wanted to ascend to the highest heaven where only God resides.

Lucifer's throne was above the other angels. And we should note that God uses the angels in administering this world. Therefore, Lucifer has charge over this world.

(Isaiah 14:14) I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.

The key to relating to God properly is to look upon him with the recognition that we are not like him and never will be. We are to worship him for his unique and unsurpassing greatness.

Those in hell will look upon God this way, but only by being forced to.

(Isaiah 14:15) Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.

(Isaiah 14:16) They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;

In the new heavens and new earth, the earth will no longer tremble and kingdoms will no longer shake. This implies that Lucifer was involved with creating the world and inserted these undesirable characteristics into it.

(Isaiah 14:17) That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?

This verse seems to say that Lucifer created the world as a place of destruction and devastation; a place in which animals eat animals, and petty power struggles cause people to kill one another.

(Isaiah 14:18) All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house.

(Isaiah 14:19) But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase [carcass] trodden under feet.

(Isaiah 14:20) Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed thy land, and slain thy people: the seed of evildoers shall never be renowned.

(Isaiah 14:21) Prepare slaughter for his children for the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with cities.

(Isaiah 14:22) For I will rise up against them, saith the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant, and son, and nephew, saith the LORD.

(Isaiah 14:23) I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.

(Isaiah 14:24) The LORD of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, so shall it stand:

(Isaiah 14:25) That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.

(Isaiah 14:26) This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth: and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all the nations.

(Isaiah 14:27) For the LORD of hosts hath purposed, and who shall disannul it? and his hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?

(Isaiah 14:28) In the year that king Ahaz died was this burden.

(Isaiah 14:29) Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken: for out of the serpent's root shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent.

(Isaiah 14:30) And the firstborn of the poor shall feed, and the needy shall lie down in safety: and I will kill thy root with famine, and he shall slay thy remnant.

(Isaiah 14:31) Howl, O gate; cry, O city; thou, whole Palestina, art dissolved: for there shall come from the north a smoke, and none shall be alone in his appointed times.

(Isaiah 14:32) What shall one then answer the messengers of the nation? That the LORD hath founded Zion, and the poor of his people shall trust in it.

(Isaiah 15:1) The burden of Moab. Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence; because in the night Kir of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence;

(Isaiah 15:2) He is gone up to Bajith, and to Dibon, the high places, to weep: Moab shall howl over Nebo, and over Medeba: on all their heads shall be baldness, and every beard cut off.

(Isaiah 15:3) In their streets they shall gird themselves with sackcloth: on the tops of their houses, and in their streets, every one shall howl, weeping abundantly.

(Isaiah 15:4) And Heshbon shall cry, and Elealeh: their voice shall be heard even unto Jahaz: therefore the armed soldiers of Moab shall cry out; his life shall be grievous unto him.

(Isaiah 15:5) My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives shall flee unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.

(Isaiah 15:6) For the waters of Nimrim shall be desolate: for the hay is withered away, the grass faileth, there is no green thing.

(Isaiah 15:7) Therefore the abundance they have gotten, and that which they have laid up, shall they carry away to the brook of the willows.

(Isaiah 15:8) For the cry is gone round about the borders of Moab; the howling thereof unto Eglaim, and the howling thereof unto Beerelim.

(Isaiah 15:9) For the waters of Dimon shall be full of blood: for I will bring more upon Dimon, lions upon him that escapeth of Moab, and upon the remnant of the land.

(Isaiah 16:1) Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the land from Sela to the wilderness, unto the mount of the daughter of Zion.

(Isaiah 16:2) For it shall be, that, as a wandering bird cast out of the nest, so the daughters of Moab shall be at the fords of Arnon.

(Isaiah 16:3) Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth.

(Isaiah 16:4) Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land.

(Isaiah 16:5) And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness.

Notice the reference to the tabernacle of David.

(Isaiah 16:6) We have heard of the pride of Moab; he is very proud: even of his haughtiness, and his pride, and his wrath: but his lies shall not be so.

(Isaiah 16:7) Therefore shall Moab howl for Moab, every one shall howl: for the foundations of Kirhareseth shall ye mourn; surely they are stricken.

(Isaiah 16:8) For the fields of Heshbon languish, and the vine of Sibmah: the lords of the heathen have broken down the principal plants thereof, they are come even unto Jazer, they wandered through the wilderness: her branches are stretched out, they are gone over the sea.

(Isaiah 16:9) Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for the shouting for thy summer fruits and for thy harvest is fallen.

(Isaiah 16:10) And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the plentiful field; and in the vineyards there shall be no singing, neither shall there be shouting: the treaders shall tread out no wine in their presses; I have made their vintage shouting to cease.

(Isaiah 16:11) Wherefore my bowels shall sound like an harp for Moab, and mine inward parts for Kirharesh.

(Isaiah 16:12) And it shall come to pass, when it is seen that Moab is weary on the high place, that he shall come to his sanctuary to pray; but he shall not prevail.

(Isaiah 16:13) This is the word that the LORD hath spoken concerning Moab since that time.

(Isaiah 16:14) But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling, and the glory of Moab shall be contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant shall be very small and feeble.

(Isaiah 17:1) The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.

(Isaiah 17:2) The cities of Aroer are forsaken: they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make them afraid.

(Isaiah 17:3) The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the LORD of hosts.

(Isaiah 17:4) And in that day it shall come to pass, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.

(Isaiah 17:5) And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the corn, and reapeth the ears with his arm; and it shall be as he that gathereth ears in the valley of Rephaim.

(Isaiah 17:6) Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the LORD God of Israel.

(Isaiah 17:7) At that day shall a man look to his Maker, and his eyes shall have respect to the Holy One of Israel.

(Isaiah 17:8) And he shall not look to the altars, the work of his hands, neither shall respect that which his fingers have made, either the groves, or the images.

(Isaiah 17:9) In that day shall his strong cities be as a forsaken bough, and an uppermost branch, which they left because of the children of Israel: and there shall be desolation.

(Isaiah 17:10) Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength, therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips:

(Isaiah 17:11) In the day shalt thou make thy plant to grow, and in the morning shalt thou make thy seed to flourish: but the harvest shall be a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.

(Isaiah 17:12) Woe to the multitude of many people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations, that make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters!

(Isaiah 17:13) The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.

(Isaiah 17:14) And behold at eveningtide trouble; and before the morning he is not. This is the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us.

(Isaiah 18:1) Woe to the land shadowing with wings, which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia:

(Isaiah 18:2) That sendeth ambassadors by the sea, even in vessels of bulrushes upon the waters, saying, Go, ye swift messengers, to a nation scattered and peeled, to a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden down, whose land the rivers have spoiled!

(Isaiah 18:3) All ye inhabitants of the world, and dwellers on the earth, see ye, when he lifteth up an ensign on the mountains; and when he bloweth a trumpet, hear ye.

(Isaiah 18:4) For so the LORD said unto me, I will take my rest, and I will consider in my dwelling place like a clear heat upon herbs, and like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.

(Isaiah 18:5) For afore the harvest, when the bud is perfect, and the sour grape is ripening in the flower, he shall both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks, and take away and cut down the branches.

(Isaiah 18:6) They shall be left together unto the fowls of the mountains, and to the beasts of the earth: and the fowls shall summer upon them, and all the beasts of the earth shall winter upon them.

(Isaiah 18:7) In that time shall the present be brought unto the LORD of hosts of a people scattered and peeled, and from a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden under foot, whose land the rivers have spoiled, to the place of the name of the LORD of hosts, the mount Zion.

(Isaiah 19:1) The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.

(Isaiah 19:2) And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians: and they shall fight every one against his brother, and every one against his neighbour; city against city, and kingdom against kingdom.

(Isaiah 19:3) And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof; and I will destroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers, and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards.

(Isaiah 19:4) And the Egyptians will I give over into the hand of a cruel lord; and a fierce king shall rule over them, saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts.

(Isaiah 19:5) And the waters shall fail from the sea, and the river shall be wasted and dried up.

(Isaiah 19:6) And they shall turn the rivers far away; and the brooks of defence shall be emptied and dried up: the reeds and flags shall wither.

(Isaiah 19:7) The paper reeds by the brooks, by the mouth of the brooks, and every thing sown by the brooks, shall wither, be driven away, and be no more.

(Isaiah 19:8) The fishers also shall mourn, and all they that cast angle into the brooks shall lament, and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish.

(Isaiah 19:9) Moreover they that work in fine flax, and they that weave networks, shall be confounded.

(Isaiah 19:10) And they shall be broken in the purposes thereof, all that make sluices and ponds for fish.

(Isaiah 19:11) Surely the princes of Zoan are fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish: how say ye unto Pharaoh, I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?

(Isaiah 19:12) Where are they? where are thy wise men? and let them tell thee now, and let them know what the LORD of hosts hath purposed upon Egypt.

(Isaiah 19:13) The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof.

(Isaiah 19:14) The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof, as a drunken man staggereth in his vomit.

(Isaiah 19:15) Neither shall there be any work for Egypt, which the head or tail, branch or rush, may do.

(Isaiah 19:16) In that day shall Egypt be like unto women: and it shall be afraid and fear because of the shaking of the hand of the LORD of hosts, which he shaketh over it.

(Isaiah 19:17) And the land of Judah shall be a terror unto Egypt, every one that maketh mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the LORD of hosts, which he hath determined against it.

(Isaiah 19:18) In that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt speak the language of Canaan, and swear to the LORD of hosts; one shall be called, The city of destruction.

(Isaiah 19:19) In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD.

(Isaiah 19:20) And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.

(Isaiah 19:21) And the LORD shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow unto the LORD, and perform it.

(Isaiah 19:22) And the LORD shall smite Egypt: he shall smite and heal it: and they shall return even to the LORD, and he shall be intreated of them, and shall heal them.

(Isaiah 19:23) In that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians.

(Isaiah 19:24) In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land:

(Isaiah 19:25) Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying, Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance.

(Isaiah 20:1) In the year that Tartan came unto Ashdod, (when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him,) and fought against Ashdod, and took it;

(Isaiah 20:2) At the same time spake the LORD by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, Go and loose the sackcloth from off thy loins, and put off thy shoe from thy foot. And he did so, walking naked and barefoot.

(Isaiah 20:3) And the LORD said, Like as my servant Isaiah hath walked naked and barefoot three years for a sign and wonder upon Egypt and upon Ethiopia;

(Isaiah 20:4) So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians prisoners, and the Ethiopians captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, even with their buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.

(Isaiah 20:5) And they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation, and of Egypt their glory.

(Isaiah 20:6) And the inhabitant of this isle shall say in that day, Behold, such is our expectation, whither we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria: and how shall we escape?

(Isaiah 21:1) The burden of the desert of the sea. As whirlwinds in the south pass through; so it cometh from the desert, from a terrible land.

(Isaiah 21:2) A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.

(Isaiah 21:3) Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman that travaileth: I was bowed down at the hearing of it; I was dismayed at the seeing of it.

(Isaiah 21:4) My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me.

(Isaiah 21:5) Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, ye princes, and anoint the shield.

(Isaiah 21:6) For thus hath the LORD said unto me, Go, set a watchman, let him declare what he seeth.

(Isaiah 21:7) And he saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses [donkeys], and a chariot of camels; and he hearkened diligently with much heed:

(Isaiah 21:8) And he cried, A lion: My lord, I stand continually upon the watchtower in the daytime, and I am set in my ward whole nights:

(Isaiah 21:9) And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground.

(Isaiah 21:10) O my threshing, and the corn of my floor: that which I have heard of the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, have I declared unto you.

(Isaiah 21:11) The burden of Dumah. He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?

(Isaiah 21:12) The watchman said, The morning cometh, and also the night: if ye will inquire, inquire ye: return, come.

(Isaiah 21:13) The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.

(Isaiah 21:14) The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled.

(Isaiah 21:15) For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war.

(Isaiah 21:16) For thus hath the LORD said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail:

(Isaiah 21:17) And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it.

(Isaiah 22:1) The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?

(Isaiah 22:2) Thou that art full of stirs, a tumultuous city, a joyous city: thy slain men are not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle.

(Isaiah 22:3) All thy rulers are fled together, they are bound by the archers: all that are found in thee are bound together, which have fled from far.

(Isaiah 22:4) Therefore said I, Look away from me; I will weep bitterly, labour not to comfort me, because of the spoiling of the daughter of my people.

(Isaiah 22:5) For it is a day of trouble, and of treading down, and of perplexity by the Lord GOD of hosts in the valley of vision, breaking down the walls, and of crying to the mountains.

(Isaiah 22:6) And Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.

(Isaiah 22:7) And it shall come to pass, that thy choicest valleys shall be full of chariots, and the horsemen shall set themselves in array at the gate.

(Isaiah 22:8) And he discovered the covering of Judah, and thou didst look in that day to the armour of the house of the forest.

(Isaiah 22:9) Ye have seen also the breaches of the city of David, that they are many: and ye gathered together the waters of the lower pool.

(Isaiah 22:10) And ye have numbered the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses have ye broken down to fortify the wall.

(Isaiah 22:11) Ye made also a ditch between the two walls for the water of the old pool: but ye have not looked unto the maker thereof, neither had respect unto him that fashioned it long ago.

(Isaiah 22:12) And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:

(Isaiah 22:13) And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.

(Isaiah 22:14) And it was revealed in mine ears by the LORD of hosts, Surely this iniquity shall not be purged from you till ye die, saith the Lord GOD of hosts.

(Isaiah 22:15) Thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, Go, get thee unto this treasurer, even unto Shebna, which is over the house, and say,

(Isaiah 22:16) What hast thou here? and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth an habitation for himself in a rock?

(Isaiah 22:17) Behold, the LORD will carry thee away with a mighty captivity, and will surely cover thee.

(Isaiah 22:18) He will surely violently turn and toss thee like a ball into a large country: there shalt thou die, and there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord's house.

(Isaiah 22:19) And I will drive thee from thy station, and from thy state shall he pull thee down.

(Isaiah 22:20) And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah:

(Isaiah 22:21) And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.

(Isaiah 22:22) And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

Not a type of Revelation 3:7

(Isaiah 22:23) And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house.

(Isaiah 22:24) And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father's house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons.

(Isaiah 22:25) In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken it.

(Isaiah 23:1) The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them.

(Isaiah 23:2) Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle; thou whom the merchants of Zidon, that pass over the sea, have replenished.

(Isaiah 23:3) And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

(Isaiah 23:4) Be thou ashamed, O Zidon: for the sea hath spoken, even the strength of the sea, saying, I travail not, nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish up young men, nor bring up virgins.

(Isaiah 23:5) As at the report concerning Egypt, so shall they be sorely pained at the report of Tyre.

(Isaiah 23:6) Pass ye over to Tarshish; howl, ye inhabitants of the isle.

(Isaiah 23:7) Is this your joyous city, whose antiquity is of ancient days? her own feet shall carry her afar off to sojourn.

(Isaiah 23:8) Who hath taken this counsel against Tyre, the crowning city, whose merchants are princes, whose traffickers are the honourable of the earth?

(Isaiah 23:9) The LORD of hosts hath purposed it, to stain the pride of all glory, and to bring into contempt all the honourable of the earth.

(Isaiah 23:10) Pass through thy land as a river, O daughter of Tarshish: there is no more strength.

(Isaiah 23:11) He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the merchant city, to destroy the strong holds thereof.

(Isaiah 23:12) And he said, Thou shalt no more rejoice, O thou oppressed virgin, daughter of Zidon: arise, pass over to Chittim; there also shalt thou have no rest.

(Isaiah 23:13) Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not, till the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up the towers thereof, they raised up the palaces thereof; and he brought it to ruin.

(Isaiah 23:14) Howl, ye ships of Tarshish: for your strength is laid waste.

(Isaiah 23:15) And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall be forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one king: after the end of seventy years shall Tyre sing as an harlot.

(Isaiah 23:16) Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast been forgotten; make sweet melody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be remembered.

(Isaiah 23:17) And it shall come to pass after the end of seventy years, that the LORD will visit Tyre, and she shall turn to her hire, and shall commit fornication with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth.

(Isaiah 23:18) And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.

(Isaiah 24:1) Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.

(Isaiah 24:2) And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.

(Isaiah 24:3) The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the LORD hath spoken this word.

(Isaiah 24:4) The earth mourneth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish.

(Isaiah 24:5) The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.

(Isaiah 24:6) Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.

(Isaiah 24:7) The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh.

(Isaiah 24:8) The mirth of tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth.

(Isaiah 24:9) They shall not drink wine with a song; strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it.

(Isaiah 24:10) The city of confusion is broken down: every house is shut up, that no man may come in.

(Isaiah 24:11) There is a crying for wine in the streets; all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone.

(Isaiah 24:12) In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.

(Isaiah 24:13) When thus it shall be in the midst of the land among the people, there shall be as the shaking of an olive tree, and as the gleaning grapes when the vintage is done.

(Isaiah 24:14) They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing for the majesty of the LORD, they shall cry aloud from the sea.

(Isaiah 24:15) Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.

(Isaiah 24:16) From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, even glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.

(Isaiah 24:17) Fear, and the pit, and the snare, are upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth.

(Isaiah 24:18) And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.

(Isaiah 24:19) The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.

(Isaiah 24:20) The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

This event will occur just before the final judgment, the white throne judgment.

(Isaiah 24:21) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.

No one is immune to God's righteous judgment. Those who have previously died and are in the spiritual realm waiting for judgment as well as those who happen to be alive on the earth when this day occurs: both groups will be judged. Also, the angels in the spiritual realm.

(Isaiah 24:22) And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.

(Isaiah 24:23) Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.

At the second coming of Christ, he will come back to earth in bodily form to Jerusalem and reign there briefly before the general resurrection and the destruction of the world by fire. The second coming of Christ is not a brief event but will occur in stages.

(Isaiah 25:1) O Lord, thou art my God; I will exalt thee, I will praise thy name; for thou hast done wonderful things; thy counsels [plans] of old [long ago] are faithfulness and truth.

The first clause (O Lord, thou art my God) is merely two words: Jehovah Elohim.

This is a good verse to repeat as a meditation.

(Isaiah 25:2) For thou hast made of a city an heap; of a defenced [fortified] city a ruin: a palace of strangers [foreigners] to be no city; it shall never be built.

I find it odd to worship God by exulting in how he has destroyed your enemies. Of course we should be happy God destroys the powers of darkness, but these foreign cities Isaiah mentions have innocent people in them who are killed by war or starvation and are probably mistreated by the victors in many horrible ways in the process.

(Isaiah 25:3) Therefore shall the strong people glorify thee, the city of the terrible nations shall fear thee.

(Isaiah 25:4) For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones is as a storm against the wall.

(Isaiah 25:5) Thou shalt bring down the noise of strangers, as the heat in a dry place; even the heat with the shadow of a cloud: the branch of the terrible ones shall be brought low.

(Isaiah 25:6) And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.

(Isaiah 25:7) And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the vail that is spread over all nations.

(Isaiah 25:8) He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it.

This refers to the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 25:9) And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is the LORD; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation.

(Isaiah 25:10) For in this mountain shall the hand of the LORD rest, and Moab shall be trodden down under him, even as straw is trodden down for the dunghill.

(Isaiah 25:11) And he shall spread forth his hands in the midst of them, as he that swimmeth spreadeth forth his hands to swim: and he shall bring down their pride together with the spoils of their hands.

(Isaiah 25:12) And the fortress of the high fort of thy walls shall he bring down, lay low, and bring to the ground, even to the dust.

(Isaiah 26:1) In that day shall this song be sung in the land of Judah; We have a strong city; salvation will God appoint for walls and bulwarks.

(Isaiah 26:2) Open ye the gates, that the righteous nation which keepeth the truth may enter in.

(Isaiah 26:3) Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee: because he trusteth in thee.

(Isaiah 26:4) Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH is everlasting strength:

(Isaiah 26:5) For he bringeth down them that dwell on high; the lofty city, he layeth it low; he layeth it low, even to the ground; he bringeth it even to the dust.

(Isaiah 26:6) The foot shall tread it down, even the feet of the poor, and the steps of the needy.

(Isaiah 26:7) The way of the just is uprightness: thou, most upright, dost weigh the path of the just.

(Isaiah 26:8) Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O LORD, have we waited for thee; the desire of our soul is to thy name, and to the remembrance of thee.

(Isaiah 26:9) With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early: for when thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.

It is our soul which is alive, not our body. Yet what we do in our body under the direction of our soul determines whether or not we are among the redeemed. We are judged based on our works done in the body because this is how we demonstrate our faith in God, our love for God and neighbor.

(Isaiah 26:10) Let favour be shewed to the wicked, yet will he not learn righteousness: in the land of uprightness will he deal unjustly, and will not behold the majesty of the LORD.

Those who are unjust are excluded from God's presence; God cannot look upon sin; God hides his face from sin.

(Isaiah 26:11) LORD, when thy hand is lifted up, they will not see: but they shall see, and be ashamed for their envy at the people; yea, the fire of thine enemies shall devour them.

(Isaiah 26:12) LORD, thou wilt ordain peace for us: for thou also hast wrought [worked] all our works in us.

Good works done by us in faith are really manifestations of God's work. We think we are doing the work, and so we are. But God is also doing the work without interfering with our free will to freely choose to do the work. Thus, work (good works) is a form of worship. We worship God when we do things pleasing to him because we enter into a unity with him; we both are doing the exact same thing. This mystical view of Christianity is rejected by some but the Bible clearly support it; in fact, the Bible demands it!

(Isaiah 26:13) O LORD our God, other lords beside thee have had dominion over us: but by thee only will we make mention of thy name.

Other religious and spiritual systems are missing a key ingredient: they neglect to refer to God as he actually is, preferring instead to distort him beyond recognition. These other religious systems might sound nice but their teachings are simply untrue. (I admit they all contain various truths, but each overall system is, as a whole, untrue regarding: the nature of sin and evil, the nature of God, the path to redemption, the conditions of the eternal afterlife.)

(Isaiah 26:14) They are dead, they shall not live; they are deceased, they shall not rise: therefore hast thou visited and destroyed them, and made all their memory to perish.

A reference to final resurrection. Notice that the wicked God-rejecters do not rise in the same way as the redeemed.

(Isaiah 26:15) Thou hast increased the nation, O LORD, thou hast increased the nation: thou art glorified: thou hadst removed it far unto all the ends of the earth.

(Isaiah 26:16) LORD, in trouble have they visited thee, they poured out a prayer when thy chastening was upon them.

(Isaiah 26:17) Like as a woman with child, that draweth near the time of her delivery, is in pain, and crieth out in her pangs; so have we been in thy sight, O LORD.

(Isaiah 26:18) We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth wind; we have not wrought [worked] any deliverance in the earth; neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen.

(Isaiah 26:19) Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.

A reference to bodily resurrection. The wicked who die go to a different place than the righteous; this was true even before the time of Christ. The righteous went to Abraham's bosom which I think is purgatory. When Christ went there to free the captives he merely took them to a new location in the spiritual realm, presumably further away from the place of the wicked. Again, this new temporary home for the redeemed is purgatory. Ultimately the soul must be completely cleansed. The teaching that our souls remain filthy and depraved and are merely covered over by Christ's righteousness is rubbish. Purgatory is where our souls are truly cleansed so that God can look upon us. (God cannot look upon wickedness; he doesn't even see it. He senses disorder and rains down blessings.)

(Isaiah 26:20) Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast.

(Isaiah 26:21) For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.

(Isaiah 27:1) In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked [twisted] serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.

The leviathan is a real creature, only existing in the spiritual realm (as does the unicorn). Perhaps Lucifer materialized this creature in physical form (and possessed it) in tempting Eve. Part of God's curse on this creature was that it would never be able to materialize in the physical as anything other than a common snake thereby rendering it useless by Satan and the demons as a way to tempt people.

(Isaiah 27:2) In that day sing ye unto her, A vineyard of red wine.

(Isaiah 27:3) I the LORD do keep it; I will water it every moment: lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.

(Isaiah 27:4) Fury is not in me: who would set the briers and thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.

(Isaiah 27:5) Or let him take hold of my strength, that he may make peace with me; and he shall make peace with me.

(Isaiah 27:6) He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take root: Israel shall blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit.

(Isaiah 27:7) Hath he smitten him, as he smote those that smote him? or is he slain according to the slaughter of them that are slain by him?

(Isaiah 27:8) In measure, when it shooteth forth, thou wilt debate with it: he stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind.

(Isaiah 27:9) By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin; when he maketh all the stones of the altar as chalkstones that are beaten in sunder, the groves and images shall not stand up.

(Isaiah 27:10) Yet the defenced city shall be desolate, and the habitation forsaken, and left like a wilderness: there shall the calf feed, and there shall he lie down, and consume the branches thereof.

(Isaiah 27:11) When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire: for it is a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.

(Isaiah 27:12) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off from the channel of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel.

(Isaiah 27:13) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 28:1) Woe to the crown [wreath] of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower, which are on the head of the fat [fertile] valleys of them that are overcome with wine!

Referring to Samaria, the capitol city of Ephraim. The geography of the area surrounding Samaria looks like a large wreath with vineyards all around.

Drunkenness is a mortal sin.

The northern kingdom of Israel, denoted here as Ephraim, would soon be conquered by the Assyrians.

(Isaiah 28:2) Behold, the Lord hath a mighty and strong one [the Lord is mighty and strong], which as a tempest of hail and a destroying storm, as a flood of mighty waters overflowing, shall cast down to the earth with the hand.

Similes using the word "as". Destructive extreme weather events: hail, storm, flood.

God has a hand, this, in the spiritual realm. A spiritual hand, just as we have a spiritual body in addition to our physical body.

(Isaiah 28:3) The crown [wreath] of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden [trampled] under feet:

God has feet, this, in the spiritual realm. Spiritual feet, just as we have a spiritual body in addition to our physical body.

(Isaiah 28:4) And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat [fertile] valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the hasty fruit before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

(Isaiah 28:5) In that day shall the LORD of hosts be for a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people,

(Isaiah 28:6) And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.

(Isaiah 28:7) But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.

(Isaiah 28:8) For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness, so that there is no place clean.

(Isaiah 28:9) Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.

(Isaiah 28:10) For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:

(Isaiah 28:11) For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people.

God's message to his people will not be understandable to them. Commentators agree this refers to speech from the Assyrians and Babylonians in a language not understandable to the Israelites.

(Isaiah 28:12) To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.

(Isaiah 28:13) But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

(Isaiah 28:14) Wherefore hear the word of the LORD, ye scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 28:15) Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:

(Isaiah 28:16) Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

(Isaiah 28:17) Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.

(Isaiah 28:18) And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.

(Isaiah 28:19) From the time that it goeth forth it shall take you: for morning by morning shall it pass over, by day and by night: and it shall be a vexation only to understand the report.

(Isaiah 28:20) For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it: and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it.

(Isaiah 28:21) For the LORD shall rise up as in mount Perazim, he shall be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon, that he may do his work, his strange work; and bring to pass his act, his strange act.

(Isaiah 28:22) Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord GOD of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.

(Isaiah 28:23) Give ye ear, and hear my voice; hearken, and hear my speech.

(Isaiah 28:24) Doth the plowman plow all day to sow? doth he open and break the clods of his ground?

(Isaiah 28:25) When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley and the rie in their place?

(Isaiah 28:26) For his God doth instruct him to discretion, and doth teach him.

(Isaiah 28:27) For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

(Isaiah 28:28) Bread corn is bruised; because he will not ever be threshing it, nor break it with the wheel of his cart, nor bruise it with his horsemen.

(Isaiah 28:29) This also cometh forth from the LORD of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.

(Isaiah 29:1) Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices.

Ariel refers to Jerusalem. Scholars disagree about its meaning so I must conclude that it meaning is lost. This is common in writings of the Bible; that words and phrases which were meaningful to the original hearers and readers are not lost to us. Perhaps the reverse is also true; that words and phrases that were mysterious to them are not clear to us. Certainly this is true in the many prophecies about the coming of Christ and the Church.

(Isaiah 29:2) Yet I will distress Ariel, and there shall be heaviness and sorrow: and it shall be unto me as Ariel.

The original audience of these prophecies must have been horrified by these kinds of prophecies about Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 29:3) And I will camp against thee round about, and will lay siege against thee with a mount, and I will raise forts against thee.

This occurred with the Babylonian captivity and again in 70 A.D. by the Romans.

(Isaiah 29:4) And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.

(Isaiah 29:5) Moreover the multitude of thy strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones shall be as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.

(Isaiah 29:6) Thou shalt be visited of the LORD of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with storm and tempest, and the flame of devouring fire.

(Isaiah 29:7) And the multitude of all the nations that fight against Ariel, even all that fight against her and her munition, and that distress her, shall be as a dream of a night vision.

(Isaiah 29:8) It shall even be as when an hungry man dreameth, and, behold, he eateth; but he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or as when a thirsty man dreameth, and, behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, he is faint, and his soul hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that fight against mount Zion.

(Isaiah 29:9) Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.

(Isaiah 29:10) For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.

(Isaiah 29:11) And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, which men deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed:

(Isaiah 29:12) And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned.

(Isaiah 29:13) Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men:

(Isaiah 29:14) Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.

(Isaiah 29:15) Woe unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the LORD, and their works are in the dark, and they say, Who seeth us? and who knoweth us?

(Isaiah 29:16) Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?

(Isaiah 29:17) Is it not yet a very little while, and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest?

(Isaiah 29:18) And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness.

(Isaiah 29:19) The meek also shall increase their joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.

(Isaiah 29:20) For the terrible one is brought to nought, and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for iniquity are cut off:

(Isaiah 29:21) That make a man an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just for a thing of nought.

(Isaiah 29:22) Therefore thus saith the LORD, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob, Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.

(Isaiah 29:23) But when he seeth his children, the work of mine hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name, and sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel.

(Isaiah 29:24) They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine.

(Isaiah 30:1) Woe to the rebellious children, saith the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:

(Isaiah 30:2) That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt!

(Isaiah 30:3) Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust in the shadow of Egypt your confusion.

(Isaiah 30:4) For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.

(Isaiah 30:5) They were all ashamed of a people that could not profit them, nor be an help nor profit, but a shame, and also a reproach.

(Isaiah 30:6) The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses [donkeys], and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people that shall not profit them.

(Isaiah 30:7) For the Egyptians shall help in vain, and to no purpose: therefore have I cried concerning this, Their strength is to sit still.

(Isaiah 30:8) Now go, write it before them in a table, and note it in a book, that it may be for the time to come for ever and ever:

(Isaiah 30:9) That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the LORD:

(Isaiah 30:10) Which say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits:

(Isaiah 30:11) Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us.

(Isaiah 30:12) Wherefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel, Because ye despise this word, and trust in oppression and perverseness, and stay thereon:

(Isaiah 30:13) Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly at an instant.

(Isaiah 30:14) And he shall break it as the breaking of the potters' vessel that is broken in pieces; he shall not spare: so that there shall not be found in the bursting of it a sherd to take fire from the hearth, or to take water withal out of the pit.

(Isaiah 30:15) For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not.

(Isaiah 30:16) But ye said, No; for we will flee upon horses; therefore shall ye flee: and, We will ride upon the swift; therefore shall they that pursue you be swift.

(Isaiah 30:17) One thousand shall flee at the rebuke of one; at the rebuke of five shall ye flee: till ye be left as a beacon upon the top of a mountain, and as an ensign on an hill.

(Isaiah 30:18) And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the LORD is a God of judgment: blessed are all they that wait for him.

(Isaiah 30:19) For the people shall dwell in Zion at Jerusalem: thou shalt weep no more: he will be very gracious unto thee at the voice of thy cry; when he shall hear it, he will answer thee.

(Isaiah 30:20) And though the Lord give you the bread of adversity, and the water of affliction, yet shall not thy teachers be removed into a corner any more, but thine eyes shall see thy teachers:

(Isaiah 30:21) And thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This is the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left.

(Isaiah 30:22) Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.

(Isaiah 30:23) Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.

(Isaiah 30:24) The oxen likewise and the young asses [donkeys] that ear the ground shall eat clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan.

(Isaiah 30:25) And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, rivers and streams of waters in the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall.

(Isaiah 30:26) Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that the LORD bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound.

(Isaiah 30:27) Behold, the name of the LORD cometh from far, burning with his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire:

(Isaiah 30:28) And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err.

(Isaiah 30:29) Ye shall have a song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come into the mountain of the LORD, to the mighty One of Israel.

(Isaiah 30:30) And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hailstones.

(Isaiah 30:31) For through the voice of the LORD shall the Assyrian be beaten down, which smote with a rod.

(Isaiah 30:32) And in every place where the grounded staff shall pass, which the LORD shall lay upon him, it shall be with tabrets and harps: and in battles of shaking will he fight with it.

(Isaiah 30:33) For Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.

(Isaiah 31:1) Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay [rely] on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD!

(Isaiah 31:2) Yet he also is wise, and will bring evil, and will not call back his words: but will arise against the house of the evildoers, and against the help of them that work iniquity.

(Isaiah 31:3) Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen [helped] shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.

The implication is if the Egyptians were spirits instead of physical they would be invincible. God would not intervene supernaturally in this situation as he was to do with the Assyrians.

(Isaiah 31:4) For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, he will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof.

(Isaiah 31:5) As birds flying, so will the LORD of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he will deliver it; and passing over he will preserve it.

(Isaiah 31:6) Turn ye unto him from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted.

(Isaiah 31:7) For in that day every man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made unto you for a sin.

(Isaiah 31:8) Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.

(Isaiah 31:9) And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear, and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the LORD, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 32:1) Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness [righteously], and princes shall rule in judgment [justly].

The time of this time is yet-future. People often apply it to Christ's first coming but the details don't match. It refers to the new heavens and new earth. There will be kings and rulers in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 32:2) And a man [each] shall be as an hiding place [refuge] from the wind, and a covert [shelter] from the tempest [storm]; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary [thirsty] land.

People will be helpful.

(Isaiah 32:3) And the eyes of them that see shall not be dim, and the ears of them that hear shall hearken [listen].

Infirmities will be healed.

(Isaiah 32:4) The heart also of the rash [hasty] shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly.

Human weaknesses will be healed.

(Isaiah 32:5) The vile person [fool] shall be no more called liberal [noble], nor the churl [rogue] said to be bountiful [generous].

In the modern world people are misjudged, and great honor is given those who are spiritually undeserving. Not so in in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 32:6) For the vile person will speak villany, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.

(Isaiah 32:7) The instruments also of the churl are evil: he deviseth wicked devices to destroy the poor with lying words, even when the needy speaketh right.

(Isaiah 32:8) But the liberal deviseth liberal things; and by liberal things shall he stand.

(Isaiah 32:9) Rise up, ye women that are at ease; hear my voice, ye careless daughters; give ear unto my speech.

(Isaiah 32:10) Many days and years shall ye be troubled, ye careless women: for the vintage shall fail, the gathering shall not come.

(Isaiah 32:11) Tremble, ye women that are at ease; be troubled, ye careless ones: strip you, and make you bare, and gird sackcloth upon your loins.

(Isaiah 32:12) They shall lament for the teats, for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine.

(Isaiah 32:13) Upon the land of my people shall come up thorns and briers; yea, upon all the houses of joy in the joyous city:

(Isaiah 32:14) Because the palaces shall be forsaken; the multitude of the city shall be left; the forts and towers shall be for dens for ever, a joy of wild asses [donkeys], a pasture of flocks;

Technically a wild donkey is an ass, but I prefer to use the word "donkey" since some people may not know the proper use of these terms.

(Isaiah 32:15) Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful [fertile] field, and the fruitful [fertile] field be counted [considered] for a forest.

When the Holy Spirit finally pervades, in the new heavens and new earth, there will no longer be hardships and shortages of things needed for living.

(Isaiah 32:16) Then judgment shall dwell in the wilderness, and righteousness remain in the fruitful field.

(Isaiah 32:17) And the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance for ever.

(Isaiah 32:18) And my people shall dwell in a peaceable [peaceful] habitation, and in sure [secure] dwellings, and in quiet resting places;

Life in this current world is full of uncertainty, especially in times of war or social unrest. Everyone longs for peace, safety, and security.

(Isaiah 32:19) When it shall hail, coming down on the forest; and the city shall be low in a low place.

(Isaiah 32:20) Blessed are ye that sow beside all waters, that send forth thither the feet of the ox and the ass [donkey].

(Isaiah 33:1) Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou wast not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; and when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.

(Isaiah 33:2) O LORD, be gracious unto us; we have waited for thee: be thou their arm every morning, our salvation also in the time of trouble.

(Isaiah 33:3) At the noise of the tumult the people fled; at the lifting up of thyself the nations were scattered.

(Isaiah 33:4) And your spoil shall be gathered like the gathering of the caterpiller: as the running to and fro of locusts shall he run upon them.

(Isaiah 33:5) The LORD is exalted; for he dwelleth on high: he hath filled Zion with judgment and righteousness.

(Isaiah 33:6) And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of salvation: the fear of the LORD is his treasure.

(Isaiah 33:7) Behold, their valiant ones shall cry without: the ambassadors of peace shall weep bitterly.

(Isaiah 33:8) The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.

(Isaiah 33:9) The earth mourneth and languisheth: Lebanon is ashamed and hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashan and Carmel shake off their fruits.

(Isaiah 33:10) Now will I rise, saith the LORD; now will I be exalted; now will I lift up myself.

(Isaiah 33:11) Ye shall conceive chaff, ye shall bring forth stubble: your breath, as fire, shall devour you.

(Isaiah 33:12) And the people shall be as the burnings of lime: as thorns cut up shall they be burned in the fire.

(Isaiah 33:13) Hear, ye that are far off, what I have done; and, ye that are near, acknowledge my might.

(Isaiah 33:14) The sinners in Zion are afraid; fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings?

There is only one place having everlasting burnings: the lake of fire.

(Isaiah 33:15) He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood [bloodshed], and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil;

Notice that good works are required for eternal redemption.

Based on this verse and others like it, I wonder how Christians think they are saved if they watch movies or TV or listen to some of the music they list to or play certain video games. The modern entertainment industry is incompatible with Christianity and should be boycotted by true followers of Christ.

(Isaiah 33:16) He shall dwell on high: his place of defence shall be the munitions [stronghold] of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters shall be sure.

Those who lived pure holy lives will dwell on high.

(Isaiah 33:17) Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off.

The land that is very far off is the new heavens and new earth; the beautiful king is Christ.

(Isaiah 33:18) Thine heart shall meditate [on] terror. Where is the scribe? where is the receiver? where is he that counted the towers?

(Isaiah 33:19) Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand.

(Isaiah 33:20) Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken.

Jerusalem will be an actual city on earth in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 33:21) But there the glorious LORD will be unto us a place of broad rivers and streams; wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby.

(Isaiah 33:22) For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; he will save us.

(Isaiah 33:23) Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not well strengthen their mast, they could not spread the sail: then is the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame take the prey.

(Isaiah 33:24) And the inhabitant shall not say, I am sick: the people that dwell therein shall be forgiven their iniquity.

There is no sickness in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 34:1) Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein; the world, and all things that come forth of it.

(Isaiah 34:2) For the indignation of the LORD is upon all nations, and his fury upon all their armies: he hath utterly destroyed them, he hath delivered them to the slaughter.

(Isaiah 34:3) Their slain also shall be cast out, and their stink shall come up out of their carcases, and the mountains shall be melted with their blood.

(Isaiah 34:4) And all the host of heaven [stars in the sky] shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host [stars] shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.

This refers to the final destruction of this universe as it is dissolved by fire at the second coming of Christ. Those who are alive on the earth at this time will see it. Certain apparitions have involved miraculous changes in the sun and its light — but this is no apparition.

Which way is down? toward the earth? Do the stars all fall toward the earth? From the vantage point of someone on the earth, every movement of every object will be in terms of the earth. Stars can either move sideways or toward the earth. They can't move away from the earth because, as mere dots of light, they can't get any smaller without disappearing altogether. Perhaps as the fabric of the universe and of physical space warps and deforms, perhaps an observer will think stars are falling to the earth.

(Isaiah 34:5) For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea [Edom], and upon the people of my curse, to judgment.

(Isaiah 34:6) The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, and with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea [Edom].

(Isaiah 34:7) And the unicorns [oxen] shall come down [fall] with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat [soaked] with fatness.

(Isaiah 34:8) For it is the day of the LORD's vengeance, and the year of recompences [retribution] for the controversy [cause] of Zion.

(Isaiah 34:9) And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch.

(Isaiah 34:10) It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.

No one interprets this verse literally — except me. If we pick and choose which verses are literal and which figurative we have gibberish; the Bible becomes meaningless as we assign whatever meaning we wish to the so-called figurative passages.

There is only one place lasting forever — the new heavens and new earth. It appears Edom will be a permanent volcanic zone or wildlife refuge in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 34:11) But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it; the owl also and the raven shall dwell in it: and he shall stretch out upon it the [measuring] line of confusion [desolation], and the stones of emptiness.

(Isaiah 34:12) They shall call the nobles thereof to the kingdom, but none shall be there, and all her princes shall be nothing.

(Isaiah 34:13) And thorns shall come up in her palaces, nettles and brambles in the fortresses thereof: and it shall be an habitation of dragons, and a court for owls.

(Isaiah 34:14) The wild beasts of the desert shall also meet with the wild beasts of the island, and the satyr shall cry to his fellow; the screech owl also shall rest there, and find for herself a place of rest.

(Isaiah 34:15) There shall the great owl make her nest, and lay, and hatch, and gather under her shadow: there shall the vultures also be gathered, every one with her mate.

(Isaiah 34:16) Seek ye out of the book of the LORD, and read: no one of these shall fail, none shall want her mate: for my mouth it hath commanded, and his spirit it hath gathered them.

Still talking about Edom. Birds and other animals will live there; but not humans.

(Isaiah 34:17) And he hath cast the lot for them, and his hand hath divided it unto them by line: they shall possess it for ever, from generation to generation shall they dwell therein.

(Isaiah 35:1) The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose.

(Isaiah 35:2) It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, and the excellency of our God.

(Isaiah 35:3) Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.

(Isaiah 35:4) Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God will come with vengeance, even God with a recompence; he will come and save you.

(Isaiah 35:5) Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.

(Isaiah 35:6) Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert.

(Isaiah 35:7) And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes.

(Isaiah 35:8) And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein.

(Isaiah 35:9) No lion shall be there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up thereon, it shall not be found there; but the redeemed shall walk there:

(Isaiah 35:10) And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads: they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.

(Isaiah 36:1) Now it came to pass in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah, that Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the defenced cities of Judah, and took them.

(Isaiah 36:2) And the king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field.

(Isaiah 36:3) Then came forth unto him Eliakim, Hilkiah's son, which was over the house, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, Asaph's son, the recorder.

(Isaiah 36:4) And Rabshakeh said unto them, Say ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?

(Isaiah 36:5) I say, sayest thou, (but they are but vain words) I have counsel and strength for war: now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me?

(Isaiah 36:6) Lo, thou trustest in the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt; whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him.

(Isaiah 36:7) But if thou say to me, We trust in the LORD our God: is it not he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and said to Judah and to Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar?

(Isaiah 36:8) Now therefore give pledges, I pray thee, to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.

(Isaiah 36:9) How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master's servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?

(Isaiah 36:10) And am I now come up without the LORD against this land to destroy it? the LORD said unto me, Go up against this land, and destroy it.

(Isaiah 36:11) Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and speak not to us in the Jews' language, in the ears of the people that are on the wall.

(Isaiah 36:12) But Rabshakeh said, Hath my master sent me to thy master and to thee to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men that sit upon the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you?

(Isaiah 36:13) Then Rabshakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and said, Hear ye the words of the great king, the king of Assyria.

(Isaiah 36:14) Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you: for he shall not be able to deliver you.

(Isaiah 36:15) Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, The LORD will surely deliver us: this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.

(Isaiah 36:16) Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me: and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;

(Isaiah 36:17) Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards.

(Isaiah 36:18) Beware lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying, The LORD will deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria?

(Isaiah 36:19) Where are the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?

(Isaiah 36:20) Who are they among all the gods of these lands, that have delivered their land out of my hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand?

(Isaiah 36:21) But they held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not.

(Isaiah 36:22) Then came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, that was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.

(Isaiah 37:1) And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD.

(Isaiah 37:2) And he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests covered with sackcloth, unto Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.

(Isaiah 37:3) And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.

(Isaiah 37:4) It may be the LORD thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up thy prayer for the remnant that is left.

(Isaiah 37:5) So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah.

(Isaiah 37:6) And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say unto your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, wherewith the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.

(Isaiah 37:7) Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.

(Isaiah 37:8) So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.

(Isaiah 37:9) And he heard say concerning Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, He is come forth to make war with thee. And when he heard it, he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying,

(Isaiah 37:10) Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy God, in whom thou trustest, deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.

(Isaiah 37:11) Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands by destroying them utterly; and shalt thou be delivered?

(Isaiah 37:12) Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, as Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which were in Telassar?

(Isaiah 37:13) Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah?

(Isaiah 37:14) And Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up unto the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD.

(Isaiah 37:15) And Hezekiah prayed unto the LORD, saying,

(Isaiah 37:16) O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth.

(Isaiah 37:17) Incline thine ear, O LORD, and hear; open thine eyes, O LORD, and see: and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach the living God.

(Isaiah 37:18) Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations, and their countries,

(Isaiah 37:19) And have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them.

(Isaiah 37:20) Now therefore, O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art the LORD, even thou only.

(Isaiah 37:21) Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Whereas thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria:

(Isaiah 37:22) This is the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him; The virgin, the daughter of Zion, hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee.

(Isaiah 37:23) Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel.

(Isaiah 37:24) By thy servants hast thou reproached the Lord, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the height of his border, and the forest of his Carmel.

(Isaiah 37:25) I have digged, and drunk water; and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of the besieged places.

(Isaiah 37:26) Hast thou not heard long ago, how I have done it; and of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste defenced cities into ruinous heaps.

(Isaiah 37:27) Therefore their inhabitants were of small power, they were dismayed and confounded: they were as the grass of the field, and as the green herb, as the grass on the housetops, and as corn blasted before it be grown up.

(Isaiah 37:28) But I know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against me.

(Isaiah 37:29) Because thy rage against me, and thy tumult, is come up into mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.

(Isaiah 37:30) And this shall be a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that which springeth of the same: and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof.

(Isaiah 37:31) And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward:

(Isaiah 37:32) For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount Zion: the zeal of the LORD of hosts shall do this.

(Isaiah 37:33) Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shields, nor cast a bank against it.

(Isaiah 37:34) By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city, saith the LORD.

(Isaiah 37:35) For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.

(Isaiah 37:36) Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.

(Isaiah 37:37) So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.

(Isaiah 37:38) And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.

(Isaiah 38:1) In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came unto him, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Set thine house in order: for thou shalt die, and not live.

(Isaiah 38:2) Then Hezekiah turned his face toward the wall, and prayed unto the LORD,

(Isaiah 38:3) And said, Remember now, O LORD, I beseech thee, how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.

(Isaiah 38:4) Then came the word of the LORD to Isaiah, saying,

(Isaiah 38:5) Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will add unto thy days fifteen years.

(Isaiah 38:6) And I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria: and I will defend this city.

(Isaiah 38:7) And this shall be a sign unto thee from the LORD, that the LORD will do this thing that he hath spoken;

(Isaiah 38:8) Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down.

(Isaiah 38:9) The writing of Hezekiah king of Judah, when he had been sick, and was recovered of his sickness:

(Isaiah 38:10) I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave [sheol]: I am deprived of the residue [remainder] of my years.

I suppose this is what anyone could say who knows they will die soon; when we die we are no longer alive. Actually, this applies to everyone; we will all die within 100 years or so. I suppose Hezekiah thought he was going to die too soon. But perhaps it would have been better for others if he died at this time instead of having his life prolonged.

The people in the Old Testament didn't know what happened after they died; they hoped it was something good.

(Isaiah 38:11) I said, I shall not see the LORD, even the LORD, in the land of the living: I shall behold man no more with the inhabitants of the world.

(Isaiah 38:12) Mine age is departed, and is removed from me as a shepherd's tent: I have cut off like a weaver my life: he will cut me off with pining sickness: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.

(Isaiah 38:13) I reckoned till morning, that, as a lion, so will he break all my bones: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.

(Isaiah 38:14) Like a crane or a swallow, so did I chatter: I did mourn as a dove: mine eyes fail with looking upward: O LORD, I am oppressed; undertake for me.

(Isaiah 38:15) What shall I say? he hath both spoken unto me, and himself hath done it: I shall go softly all my years in the bitterness of my soul.

(Isaiah 38:16) O LORD, by these things men live, and in all these things is the life of my spirit: so wilt thou recover me, and make me to live.

(Isaiah 38:17) Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back.

(Isaiah 38:18) For the grave cannot praise thee, death can not celebrate thee: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth.

(Isaiah 38:19) The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I do this day: the father to the children shall make known thy truth.

(Isaiah 38:20) The LORD was ready to save me: therefore we will sing my songs to the stringed instruments all the days of our life in the house of the LORD.

(Isaiah 38:21) For Isaiah had said, Let them take a lump of figs, and lay it for a plaister upon the boil, and he shall recover.

(Isaiah 38:22) Hezekiah also had said, What is the sign that I shall go up to the house of the LORD?

(Isaiah 39:1) At that time Merodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah: for he had heard that he had been sick, and was recovered.

(Isaiah 39:2) And Hezekiah was glad of them, and shewed them the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed them not.

(Isaiah 39:3) Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country unto me, even from Babylon.

(Isaiah 39:4) Then said he, What have they seen in thine house? And Hezekiah answered, All that is in mine house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shewed them.

(Isaiah 39:5) Then said Isaiah to Hezekiah, Hear the word of the LORD of hosts:

(Isaiah 39:6) Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store until this day, shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the LORD.

(Isaiah 39:7) And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.

(Isaiah 39:8) Then said Hezekiah to Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which thou hast spoken. He said moreover, For there shall be peace and truth in my days.

An odd verse. Hezekiah is happy because he will die before calamity befalls the nation. His showing them the treasure contributes to Babylonian's invasion; once they know Israel is truly a prize.

(Isaiah 40:1) Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God.

(Isaiah 40:2) Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the LORD's hand double for all her sins.

(Isaiah 40:3) The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.

(Isaiah 40:4) Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:

(Isaiah 40:5) And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

(Isaiah 40:6) The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field:

(Isaiah 40:7) The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass.

(Isaiah 40:8) The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever.

(Isaiah 40:9) O Zion, that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God!

(Isaiah 40:10) Behold, the Lord GOD will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him.

(Isaiah 40:11) He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.

(Isaiah 40:12) Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?

(Isaiah 40:13) Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counsellor hath taught him?

(Isaiah 40:14) With whom took he counsel, and who instructed him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and shewed to him the way of understanding?

(Isaiah 40:15) Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the balance: behold, he taketh up the isles as a very little thing.

(Isaiah 40:16) And Lebanon is not sufficient to burn, nor the beasts thereof sufficient for a burnt offering.

(Isaiah 40:17) All nations before him are as nothing; and they are counted to him less than nothing, and vanity.

(Isaiah 40:18) To whom then will ye liken [compare] God? or what likeness [image] will ye compare unto him?

The monotheistic God of the Old Testament is transcendent. It is fruitless to create images of him to use in worship. But does this imply we should not have mental images and constructs of God? But we have no choice but to do so because that is how the mind works. We should recognize that our concepts of God are imperfect. People join together to worship God using the same social patterns; without this there can be no unity in a community.

(Isaiah 40:19) The workman melteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains.

(Isaiah 40:20) He that is so impoverished that he hath no oblation chooseth a tree that will not rot; he seeketh unto him a cunning workman to prepare a graven image, that shall not be moved.

(Isaiah 40:21) Have ye not known? have ye not heard? hath it not been told you from the beginning? have ye not understood from the foundations of the earth?

(Isaiah 40:22) It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:

If you are on a small hill looking over on the horizon it will appear to be a circle as you slowly spin around 360 degrees. Just as we look down upon grasshoppers and they are unaware of our existence, so also with God looking upon us. I doubt if the image of the curtain refers to the big bang and the expansion of the universe. Probably has something to do with the motion of the clouds or of the Milky Way galaxy seen on a clear night. The clouds are above us just as the roof of a tent is above.

Probably envisions seeing the earth from a small hill as a circle; seeing the sky as going up vertically like a curtain and going over the top like a tent.

(Isaiah 40:23) That bringeth the princes to nothing; he maketh the judges of the earth as vanity.

(Isaiah 40:24) Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.

(Isaiah 40:25) To whom then will ye liken me, or shall I be equal? saith the Holy One.

(Isaiah 40:26) Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth [is missing].

In looking up at the stars we are to see God's creative power. He knows about each one in great detail because he created each one. He did this using the laws of nature as described by science.

(Isaiah 40:27) Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel, My way is hid from the LORD, and my judgment is passed over from my God?

(Isaiah 40:28) Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding.

God created the whole earth, not just part of it.

(Isaiah 40:29) He giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength.

(Isaiah 40:30) Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall:

(Isaiah 40:31) But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.

(Isaiah 41:1) Keep silence before me, O islands; and let the people renew their strength: let them come near; then let them speak: let us come near together to judgment.

(Isaiah 41:2) Who raised up the righteous man from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made him rule over kings? he gave them as the dust to his sword, and as driven stubble to his bow.

(Isaiah 41:3) He pursued them, and passed safely; even by the way that he had not gone with his feet.

(Isaiah 41:4) Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I the LORD, the first, and with the last; I am he.

(Isaiah 41:5) The isles [coastlands] saw it, and feared; the ends of the earth were afraid, drew near, and came.

(Isaiah 41:6) They helped every one his neighbour; and every one said to his brother, Be of good courage.

(Isaiah 41:7) So the carpenter encouraged the goldsmith, and he that smootheth with the hammer him that smote the anvil, saying, It is ready for the sodering: and he fastened it with nails, that it should not be moved.

(Isaiah 41:8) But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.

(Isaiah 41:9) Thou whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called thee from the chief men thereof, and said unto thee, Thou art my servant; I have chosen thee, and not cast thee away.

Abraham came from Ur, at the "ends of the earth", meaning, from a long way away, from outside of Palestine.

(Isaiah 41:10) Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.

(Isaiah 41:11) Behold, all they that were incensed against thee shall be ashamed and confounded: they shall be as nothing; and they that strive with thee shall perish.

(Isaiah 41:12) Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not find them, even them that contended with thee: they that war against thee shall be as nothing, and as a thing of nought.

(Isaiah 41:13) For I the LORD thy God will hold thy right hand, saying unto thee, Fear not; I will help thee.

(Isaiah 41:14) Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.

(Isaiah 41:15) Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat them small, and shalt make the hills as chaff.

(Isaiah 41:16) Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, and shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.

(Isaiah 41:17) When the poor and needy seek water, and there is none, and their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.

(Isaiah 41:18) I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.

(Isaiah 41:19) I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah tree, and the myrtle, and the oil tree; I will set in the desert the fir tree, and the pine, and the box tree together:

(Isaiah 41:20) That they may see, and know, and consider, and understand together, that the hand of the LORD hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hath created it.

(Isaiah 41:21) Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob.

(Isaiah 41:22) Let them bring them forth, and shew us what shall happen: let them shew the former things, what they be, that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or declare us things for to come.

(Isaiah 41:23) Shew the things that are to come hereafter, that we may know that ye are gods: yea, do good, or do evil, that we may be dismayed, and behold it together.

(Isaiah 41:24) Behold, ye are of nothing, and your work of nought: an abomination is he that chooseth you.

(Isaiah 41:25) I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name: and he shall come upon princes as upon morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.

(Isaiah 41:26) Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know? and beforetime, that we may say, He is righteous? yea, there is none that sheweth, yea, there is none that declareth, yea, there is none that heareth your words.

(Isaiah 41:27) The first shall say to Zion, Behold, behold them: and I will give to Jerusalem one that bringeth good tidings.

(Isaiah 41:28) For I beheld, and there was no man; even among them, and there was no counsellor, that, when I asked of them, could answer a word.

(Isaiah 41:29) Behold, they are all vanity; their works are nothing: their molten images are wind and confusion.

(Isaiah 42:1) Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.

The characteristics of this servant...

  1. God is with him; God strengthens him.
  2. He is God's elect, chosen by God.
  3. God's soul delights in him.
  4. God's Spirit is upon him.
  5. He will bring judgment to the Gentiles, to non-Jews.

(Isaiah 42:2) He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.

This verse should be clear that the servant referred to is a person, not a nation.

(Isaiah 42:3) A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.

(Isaiah 42:4) He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles [coastlands] shall wait for his law.

Isaiah just finished prophecying to the people of the islands.

(Isaiah 42:5) Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:

Scientist types often use this verse to prove the Bible is trustworthy. Their reasoning is as follows: Since science now demonstrates that the universe is expanding, therefore, the Bible is trustworthy since this verse speaks of the heavens being stretched out. But unfortunately, this verse is not discussing the big bang nor the expansion of the universe, rather, it refers to the expanse of the sky above and of the earth below our feet. It is as if these are stretched out and spread forth because they are so big.

The word "heavens" refers to the sky and the visible universe with the sun, moon, planets, stars, and galaxies; in other words, what you see when you look up on a cloudless day or night. God created all this, and the earth as well. He created all the plant life upon the earth and the animal life. He even created us humans.

Note that God gives both breath and spirit to humans. In Genesis we learned that the giving of breath was the same thing as the giving of life. I doubt if the word "spirit" refers to anything other than this: that God created humans including the souls of humans — he gave them breath and spirit, in other words, he made them to be living creatures. Some use verses such as these to prove that humans are composed of body, soul, and spirit; but it is easy to find counter examples that we are body and soul.

(Isaiah 42:6) I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles;

The Jews were a light to all peoples of the world by virtue of their bringing God's word to the world. Sadly, many did not recognize Jesus as the Messiah probably because their leaders formed a false view of the Messiah thinking he would be merely a human, a political leader.

(Isaiah 42:7) To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.

(Isaiah 42:8) I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.

(Isaiah 42:9) Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them.

(Isaiah 42:10) Sing unto the LORD a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof.

(Isaiah 42:11) Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains.

(Isaiah 42:12) Let them give glory unto the LORD, and declare his praise in the islands.

(Isaiah 42:13) The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies.

(Isaiah 42:14) I have long time holden my peace; I have been still, and refrained myself: now will I cry like a travailing woman; I will destroy and devour at once.

(Isaiah 42:15) I will make waste mountains and hills, and dry up all their herbs; and I will make the rivers islands, and I will dry up the pools.

(Isaiah 42:16) And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; I will lead them in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.

(Isaiah 42:17) They shall be turned back, they shall be greatly ashamed, that trust in graven images, that say to the molten images, Ye are our gods.

(Isaiah 42:18) Hear, ye deaf; and look, ye blind, that ye may see.

(Isaiah 42:19) Who is blind, but my servant? or deaf, as my messenger that I sent? who is blind as he that is perfect, and blind as the LORD's servant?

(Isaiah 42:20) Seeing many things, but thou observest not; opening the ears, but he heareth not.

(Isaiah 42:21) The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness' sake; he will magnify the law, and make it honourable.

(Isaiah 42:22) But this is a people robbed and spoiled; they are all of them snared in holes, and they are hid in prison houses: they are for a prey, and none delivereth; for a spoil, and none saith, Restore.

(Isaiah 42:23) Who among you will give ear to this? who will hearken and hear for the time to come?

(Isaiah 42:24) Who gave Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to the robbers? did not the LORD, he against whom we have sinned? for they would not walk in his ways, neither were they obedient unto his law.

(Isaiah 42:25) Therefore he hath poured upon him the fury of his anger, and the strength of battle: and it hath set him on fire round about, yet he knew not; and it burned him, yet he laid it not to heart.

(Isaiah 43:1) But now thus saith [says] the LORD that [who] created thee [you], O Jacob, and he that formed thee [you], O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee [you], I have called thee [you] by thy name; thou [you] art [are] mine.

Isaiah seems to be offering them false hope, because ultimately God destroyed the people. Perhaps it only refers to ultimate eternal redemption of the soul; of eternity in the new heavens and new earth.

God calls them by name, meaning, Jacob and Israel.

(Isaiah 43:2) When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.

(Isaiah 43:3) For I am the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee.

(Isaiah 43:4) Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life.

(Isaiah 43:5) Fear not: for I am with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west;

(Isaiah 43:6) I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends of the earth;

The earth doesn't have ends or corners. Whatever the phrase "ends of the earth" means, it is not nearby.

(Isaiah 43:7) Even every one that is called by my name: for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.

(Isaiah 43:8) Bring forth the blind people that have eyes, and the deaf that have ears.

(Isaiah 43:9) Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and shew us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say, It is truth.

(Isaiah 43:10) Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.

Isaiah reminds the people about their divine heritage. They are witnesses for two reasons: (1) they experienced first-hand God's miraculous work, and (2) other nations and people saw God's work and glory through his dealings with them. The nation of Israel is God's servant because God has chosen them for his purpose; they bring the light of God to the world. One reason God chose the Israelites to this special role is so they themselves could know God and trust in him in faith. Thus, being a prophet or messenger for God has certain benefits, although it often brings additional hardship as well. Idols are formed and fashioned; God is not; this was an important message for the people of that day. In this modern world secular people don't manufacture idols to worship as a form of religion but they still need to see God working through a chosen people. This should be the Church but, unfortunately, Christians spend so much time fighting among each other and emphasizing their particular denominational distinctives that the world finds it hard to take it too seriously. Also, the ever-more-popular word-faith, health-wealth, pop psychology, and seeker sensitive emphasis of many churches draws people away from true apostolic Christianity.

(Isaiah 43:11) I, even I, am the LORD; and beside me there is no saviour.

(Isaiah 43:12) I have declared, and have saved, and I have shewed, when there was no strange god among you: therefore ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, that I am God.

(Isaiah 43:13) Yea, before the day was I am he; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall let it?

(Isaiah 43:14) Thus saith the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, whose cry is in the ships.

(Isaiah 43:15) I am the LORD, your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your King.

(Isaiah 43:16) Thus saith the LORD, which maketh a way in the sea, and a path in the mighty waters;

(Isaiah 43:17) Which bringeth forth the chariot and horse, the army and the power; they shall lie down together, they shall not rise: they are extinct, they are quenched as tow.

(Isaiah 43:18) Remember ye not the former things, neither consider the things of old.

(Isaiah 43:19) Behold, I will do a new thing; now it shall spring forth; shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.

(Isaiah 43:20) The beast of the field shall honour me, the dragons and the owls: because I give waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, my chosen.

(Isaiah 43:21) This people have I formed for myself; they shall shew forth my praise.

(Isaiah 43:22) But thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob; but thou hast been weary of me, O Israel.

(Isaiah 43:23) Thou hast not brought me the small cattle of thy burnt offerings; neither hast thou honoured me with thy sacrifices. I have not caused thee to serve with an offering, nor wearied thee with incense.

(Isaiah 43:24) Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thine iniquities.

(Isaiah 43:25) I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins.

(Isaiah 43:26) Put me in remembrance: let us plead together: declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.

(Isaiah 43:27) Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me.

(Isaiah 43:28) Therefore I have profaned the princes of the sanctuary, and have given Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches.

(Isaiah 44:1) Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen:

(Isaiah 44:2) Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, which will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen.

(Isaiah 44:3) For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:

(Isaiah 44:4) And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses.

(Isaiah 44:5) One shall say, I am the LORD's; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the LORD, and surname himself by the name of Israel.

(Isaiah 44:6) Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God.

(Isaiah 44:7) And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.

(Isaiah 44:8) Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time, and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any.

(Isaiah 44:9) They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses; they see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed.

(Isaiah 44:10) Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image that is profitable for nothing?

(Isaiah 44:11) Behold, all his fellows shall be ashamed: and the workmen, they are of men: let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; yet they shall fear, and they shall be ashamed together.

(Isaiah 44:12) The smith with the tongs both worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with the strength of his arms: yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth: he drinketh no water, and is faint.

(Isaiah 44:13) The carpenter stretcheth out his rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.

(Isaiah 44:14) He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the cypress and the oak, which he strengtheneth for himself among the trees of the forest: he planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it.

(Isaiah 44:15) Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and warm himself; yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.

(Isaiah 44:16) He burneth part thereof in the fire; with part thereof he eateth flesh; he roasteth roast, and is satisfied: yea, he warmeth himself, and saith, Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire:

(Isaiah 44:17) And the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image: he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou art my god.

(Isaiah 44:18) They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

(Isaiah 44:19) And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and eaten it: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?

(Isaiah 44:20) He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?

(Isaiah 44:21) Remember these, O Jacob and Israel; for thou art my servant: I have formed thee; thou art my servant: O Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me.

(Isaiah 44:22) I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins: return unto me; for I have redeemed thee.

(Isaiah 44:23) Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done it: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.

(Isaiah 44:24) Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;

(Isaiah 44:25) That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish;

(Isaiah 44:26) That confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof:

(Isaiah 44:27) That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers:

(Isaiah 44:28) That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.


(Isaiah 45:1) Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;


(Isaiah 45:2) I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron:

(Isaiah 45:3) And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the LORD, which call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel.

(Isaiah 45:4) For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.

(Isaiah 45:5) I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me:

(Isaiah 45:6) That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else.

(Isaiah 45:7) I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.

(Isaiah 45:8) Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.

(Isaiah 45:9) Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?

(Isaiah 45:10) Woe unto him that saith unto his father, What begettest thou? or to the woman, What hast thou brought forth?

(Isaiah 45:11) Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me.

(Isaiah 45:12) I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.

(Isaiah 45:13) I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will direct all his ways: he shall build my city, and he shall let go my captives, not for price nor reward, saith the LORD of hosts.

(Isaiah 45:14) Thus saith the LORD, The labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine: they shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely God is in thee; and there is none else, there is no God.

(Isaiah 45:15) Verily thou art a God that hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.

(Isaiah 45:16) They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of them: they shall go to confusion together that are makers of idols.

(Isaiah 45:17) But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.

(Isaiah 45:18) For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.

(Isaiah 45:19) I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.

(Isaiah 45:20) Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save.

(Isaiah 45:21) Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me.

(Isaiah 45:22) Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else.

God wants to save everyone, even those living outside of Israel.

(Isaiah 45:23) I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.

(Isaiah 45:24) Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.

(Isaiah 45:25) In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.

(Isaiah 46:1) Bel boweth down, Nebo stoopeth, their idols were upon the beasts, and upon the cattle: your carriages were heavy loaden; they are a burden to the weary beast.

(Isaiah 46:2) They stoop, they bow down together; they could not deliver the burden, but themselves are gone into captivity.

(Isaiah 46:3) Hearken unto me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house of Israel, which are borne by me from the belly, which are carried from the womb:

(Isaiah 46:4) And even to your old age I am he; and even to hoar hairs will I carry you: I have made, and I will bear; even I will carry, and will deliver you.

(Isaiah 46:5) To whom will ye liken me, and make me equal, and compare me, that we may be like?

(Isaiah 46:6) They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance, and hire a goldsmith; and he maketh it a god: they fall down, yea, they worship.

(Isaiah 46:7) They bear him upon the shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his place, and he standeth; from his place shall he not remove: yea, one shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his trouble.

(Isaiah 46:8) Remember this, and shew yourselves men: bring it again to mind, O ye transgressors.

(Isaiah 46:9) Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me,

(Isaiah 46:10) Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:

(Isaiah 46:11) Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executeth my counsel from a far country: yea, I have spoken it, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed it, I will also do it.

(Isaiah 46:12) Hearken unto me, ye stouthearted, that are far from righteousness:

(Isaiah 46:13) I bring near my righteousness; it shall not be far off, and my salvation shall not tarry: and I will place salvation in Zion for Israel my glory.

(Isaiah 47:1) Come down, and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon, sit on the ground: there is no throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called tender and delicate.

(Isaiah 47:2) Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover thy locks, make bare the leg, uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers.

(Isaiah 47:3) Thy nakedness shall be uncovered, yea, thy shame shall be seen: I will take vengeance, and I will not meet thee as a man.

(Isaiah 47:4) As for our redeemer, the LORD of hosts is his name, the Holy One of Israel.

(Isaiah 47:5) Sit thou silent, and get thee into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called, The lady of kingdoms.

(Isaiah 47:6) I was wroth with my people, I have polluted mine inheritance, and given them into thine hand: thou didst shew them no mercy; upon the ancient hast thou very heavily laid thy yoke.

(Isaiah 47:7) And thou saidst, I shall be a lady for ever: so that thou didst not lay these things to thy heart, neither didst remember the latter end of it.

(Isaiah 47:8) Therefore hear now this, thou that art given to pleasures, that dwellest carelessly, that sayest in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me; I shall not sit as a widow, neither shall I know the loss of children:

(Isaiah 47:9) But these two things shall come to thee in a moment in one day, the loss of children, and widowhood: they shall come upon thee in their perfection for the multitude of thy sorceries, and for the great abundance of thine enchantments.

(Isaiah 47:10) For thou hast trusted in thy wickedness: thou hast said, None seeth me. Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath perverted thee; and thou hast said in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me.

(Isaiah 47:11) Therefore shall evil come upon thee; thou shalt not know from whence it riseth: and mischief shall fall upon thee; thou shalt not be able to put it off: and desolation shall come upon thee suddenly, which thou shalt not know.

(Isaiah 47:12) Stand now with thine enchantments, and with the multitude of thy sorceries, wherein thou hast laboured from thy youth; if so be thou shalt be able to profit, if so be thou mayest prevail.

(Isaiah 47:13) Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee.

(Isaiah 47:14) Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame: there shall not be a coal to warm at, nor fire to sit before it.

(Isaiah 47:15) Thus shall they be unto thee with whom thou hast laboured, even thy merchants, from thy youth: they shall wander every one to his quarter; none shall save thee.

(Isaiah 48:1) Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.

An example of people being something superficially, in name only. It is not sufficient to mention God; we must have a deep affection for him and an active prayer life in which we think about him and attempt to communicate our feelings for him, clumsy as the attempt may be.

(Isaiah 48:2) For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay [lean] themselves upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts is his name.

True Israel leans upon God. Mere mention of God and swearing on his name as a ritualized tradition is not sufficient.

(Isaiah 48:3) I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed [showed] them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass.

The phrase "former things" refers to God's call of Abraham and the promise of a chosen nation in the land. The word "beginning" refers to this revelation being known from before the nation of Israel was established starting with the Exodus.

(Isaiah 48:4) Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

They are like statues, frozen in place, inflexible. God is unable to reach into them and change their hearts.

(Isaiah 48:5) I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed [showed] it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven [carved from wood] image, and my molten [cast in metal] image, hath commanded them.

God revealed it to his chosen people long before they began to rely on idols. They fell back into practices of the surrounding peoples. Even today, we must be careful to remain aloof from the depravities of our culture.

(Isaiah 48:6) Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye declare it? I have shewed [showed] thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.

New revelations from God, presumably from Isaiah, so the people would not think of them as old and irrelevant. God continues to adapt his message for each generation. Of course, now his message was to call the people to turn back to God or he would destroy them in judgment; not a happy message due to the new circumstances.

(Isaiah 48:7) They are created now, and not from the beginning; even before the day when thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.

The word "they", meaning, the new revelations, presumably from Isaiah.

(Isaiah 48:8) Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.

Perhaps referring to the birth of the nation of Israel, although there was no "womb" involved. Each person of this nation, the generation Isaiah is speaking to, each of them was always a transgressor of God's law, even from childhood. This, because the culture at large was not teaching the truth about God so the children never learned it. But now, Isaiah was proclaiming it as a "new" revelation. It was new because they had not heard it before.

(Isaiah 48:9) For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.

(Isaiah 48:10) Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

(Isaiah 48:11) For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another.

(Isaiah 48:12) Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.

(Isaiah 48:13) Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.

(Isaiah 48:14) All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; which among them hath declared these things? The LORD hath loved him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.

(Isaiah 48:15) I, even I, have spoken; yea, I have called him: I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.

(Isaiah 48:16) Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me.

(Isaiah 48:17) Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.

(Isaiah 48:18) O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:

(Isaiah 48:19) Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof; his name should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before me.

(Isaiah 48:20) Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth; say ye, The LORD hath redeemed his servant Jacob.

(Isaiah 48:21) And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

(Isaiah 48:22) There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked.

(Isaiah 49:1) Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far; The LORD hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.

(Isaiah 49:2) And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me;

(Isaiah 49:3) And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.

(Isaiah 49:4) Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the LORD, and my work with my God.

(Isaiah 49:5) And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.

(Isaiah 49:6) And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.

(Isaiah 49:7) Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.

(Isaiah 49:8) Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;

(Isaiah 49:9) That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all high places.

(Isaiah 49:10) They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.

(Isaiah 49:11) And I will make all my mountains a way, and my highways shall be exalted.

(Isaiah 49:12) Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim.

(Isaiah 49:13) Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for the LORD hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.

Do the heavens and earth and mountains literally sing? Of course they do! All objects in the physical realm have a corresponding spiritual object in the spiritual realm. Just like in the cartoons, these spiritual heavens and earth and mountains dance and sing giving glory to their creator God. In the spiritual realm everything is alive; the spirit is alive. Only in the physical realm do we find non-living, inert objects.

Why should the heavens and earth and mountains care what happens to God's people or to the afflicted? The answer: Any living thing if it is truly spiritually activated will be concerned with the same things God is concerned about. God wishes only the best for everyone. He wishes to comfort those in need and to show mercy upon the afflicted. Ultimately, in the new heavens and new earth God will fulfill all his plans and purposes for the human race.

(Isaiah 49:14) But Zion said, The LORD hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten me.

(Isaiah 49:15) Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? yea, they may forget, yet will I not forget thee.

(Isaiah 49:16) Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of my hands; thy walls are continually before me.

(Isaiah 49:17) Thy children shall make haste; thy destroyers and they that made thee waste shall go forth of thee.

(Isaiah 49:18) Lift up thine eyes round about, and behold: all these gather themselves together, and come to thee. As I live, saith the LORD, thou shalt surely clothe thee with them all, as with an ornament, and bind them on thee, as a bride doeth.

(Isaiah 49:19) For thy waste and thy desolate places, and the land of thy destruction, shall even now be too narrow by reason of the inhabitants, and they that swallowed thee up shall be far away.

(Isaiah 49:20) The children which thou shalt have, after thou hast lost the other, shall say again in thine ears, The place is too strait for me: give place to me that I may dwell.

(Isaiah 49:21) Then shalt thou say in thine heart, Who hath begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive, and removing to and fro? and who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone; these, where had they been?

(Isaiah 49:22) Thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I will lift up mine hand to the Gentiles, and set up my standard to the people: and they shall bring thy sons in their arms, and thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders.

(Isaiah 49:23) And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with their face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me.

(Isaiah 49:24) Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive delivered?

(Isaiah 49:25) But thus saith the LORD, Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered: for I will contend with him that contendeth with thee, and I will save thy children.

(Isaiah 49:26) And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.

What?! Are they drinking blood? Seems to refer to starving people eating those of their fellows who have died. I suppose they prepare them for consumption as they do animals and don't waste anything, including the blood.

How does being judged for oppressing Israel teach them of God? They would first have to discern the cause and effect relation of their bad treatment of God's people, and they would have to believe God had chosen the Jews. Likely, this realization occurred only after they had died, when Jesus preached to them after he died and before his resurrection.

Wine contains alcohol; it can make you drunk. I only mention this because some Christians insist the wine of Bible days was merely grape juice. Nonsense! Of course, drunkenness is a mortal sin and harms your body as well.

(Isaiah 50:1) Thus saith the LORD, Where is the bill [certificate] of your mother's divorcement [divorce], whom I have put away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away.

Two images from the culture of the day...

  1. A man who divorces his wife gives her a certificate of divorce. (This is a terrible practice).
  2. Someone who owes money but can't pay sells their children as slaves as payment.

Images of a child who was sold into slavery and whose father divorced the mother — a doubly bad situation. Notice Isaiah addresses those who blame God for their predicament, for the bad effects of their rejection of God.

God is not responsible for the bad outcomes, rather, the person's sin causes it. Thus, God's judgment of sin consists merely in his shining the light of his holiness upon the person. If they cling tightly to their sin they are repelled away from God as two magnets repel. If they instead allow themselves to be cleansed of their sin, they are refined in the fire of God's love and forgiveness. At no time does God harm anyone or send them to hell; the unredeemed follow their own sin there.

(Isaiah 50:2) Wherefore [why], when I came, was there no man? when I called, was there none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, because there is no water, and dieth for thirst.

God can redeem anyone but only if they repent of their sin and seek out God's forgiveness. God offered redemption but the people were wicked and uninterested.

During times of drought the rivers and lakes dry up. I think people assumed God sent droughts as judgment of their sin. If God can control nature, surely he can forgive sin.

(Isaiah 50:3) I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering.

God demonstrates his power by referring to aspects of the universe he created.

(Isaiah 50:4) The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned.

We should wonder who is speaking? Perhaps Jesus. Isaiah drifts in and out between: (1) himself speaking to the people the word of God heard by him, and (2) speaking God's word as if God were speaking it directly using his voice.

(Isaiah 50:5) The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back.

We should wonder who is speaking? Perhaps those who repent of their sin and listen to God's word.

(Isaiah 50:6) I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

These happened to Jesus.

(Isaiah 50:7) For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed.

(Isaiah 50:8) He is near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who is mine adversary? let him come near to me.

(Isaiah 50:9) Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.

(Isaiah 50:10) Who is among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.

(Isaiah 50:11) Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass yourselves about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks that ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.

(Isaiah 51:1) Hearken [listen] to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look unto the rock whence [from which] ye are hewn [carved], and to the hole of the pit [quarry] whence [from which] ye are digged [chiseled].

Three images of us and our source: (1) we are a rock cut out from a quarry, (2) we are a shaped rock carved from an unshaped rock, (3) we are seeking to become conformed into the image of the Lord by following after righteousness.

(Isaiah 51:2) Look unto Abraham your father, and unto Sarah that bare you: for I called him alone, and blessed him, and increased him.

(Isaiah 51:3) For the LORD shall comfort Zion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.

Referring to the new heavens and new earth. These kinds of utopian conditions have never occurred and are, therefore, yet future.

(Isaiah 51:4) Hearken unto me, my people; and give ear unto me, O my nation: for a law shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people.

(Isaiah 51:5) My righteousness is near; my salvation is gone forth, and mine arms shall judge the people; the isles shall wait upon me, and on mine arm shall they trust.

(Isaiah 51:6) Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.

(Isaiah 51:7) Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart is my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.

(Isaiah 51:8) For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation from generation to generation.

(Isaiah 51:9) Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. Art thou not it that hath cut Rahab, and wounded the dragon?

(Isaiah 51:10) Art thou not it which hath dried the sea, the waters of the great deep; that hath made the depths of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over?

(Isaiah 51:11) Therefore the redeemed of the LORD shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away.

(Isaiah 51:12) I, even I, am he that comforteth you: who art thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man that shall die, and of the son of man which shall be made as grass;

(Isaiah 51:13) And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where is the fury of the oppressor?

(Isaiah 51:14) The captive exile hasteneth that he may be loosed, and that he should not die in the pit, nor that his bread should fail.

(Isaiah 51:15) But I am the LORD thy God, that divided the sea, whose waves roared: The LORD of hosts is his name.

(Isaiah 51:16) And I have put my words in thy mouth, and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens, and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, Thou art my people.

(Isaiah 51:17) Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, which hast drunk at the hand of the LORD the cup of his fury; thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup of trembling, and wrung them out.

(Isaiah 51:18) There is none to guide her among all the sons whom she hath brought forth; neither is there any that taketh her by the hand of all the sons that she hath brought up.

(Isaiah 51:19) These two things are come unto thee; who shall be sorry for thee? desolation, and destruction, and the famine, and the sword: by whom shall I comfort thee?

(Isaiah 51:20) Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the LORD, the rebuke of thy God.

(Isaiah 51:21) Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, and drunken, but not with wine:

(Isaiah 51:22) Thus saith thy Lord the LORD, and thy God that pleadeth the cause of his people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, even the dregs of the cup of my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again:

(Isaiah 51:23) But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.

(Isaiah 52:1) Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.

(Isaiah 52:2) Shake thyself from the dust; arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem: loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.

Notice the phrase "daughter of Zion" refers to descendants of those of the Mosaic covenant of Jerusalem, or by extension, all of Israel. Some ended up in captivity.

(Isaiah 52:3) For thus saith the LORD, Ye have sold yourselves for nought; and ye shall be redeemed without money.

(Isaiah 52:4) For thus saith the Lord GOD, My people went down aforetime into Egypt to sojourn there; and the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.

(Isaiah 52:5) Now therefore, what have I here, saith the LORD, that my people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them make them to howl, saith the LORD; and my name continually every day is blasphemed.

(Isaiah 52:6) Therefore my people shall know my name: therefore they shall know in that day that I am he that doth speak: behold, it is I.

(Isaiah 52:7) How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!

(Isaiah 52:8) Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice; with the voice together shall they sing: for they shall see eye to eye, when the LORD shall bring again Zion.

(Isaiah 52:9) Break forth into joy, sing together, ye waste places of Jerusalem: for the LORD hath comforted his people, he hath redeemed Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 52:10) The LORD hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God.

In the future God would provide a plan of redemption for everyone, even those outside of God's covenant with Israel.

(Isaiah 52:11) Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean thing; go ye out of the midst of her; be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the LORD.

(Isaiah 52:12) For ye shall not go out with haste, nor go by flight: for the LORD will go before you; and the God of Israel will be your rereward.

(Isaiah 52:13) Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high.

(Isaiah 52:14) As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:

(Isaiah 52:15) So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider.

Jesus redeems the world

(Isaiah 53:1) Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?

The arm of the Lord acts just as we act using our body. This is not a mere figure of speech; God literally has arms in the spiritual realm just as we do.

Isaiah calls attention to God's activities in providing redemption. We both see his actions and hear his gospel.

(Isaiah 53:2) For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.

Christ in the incarnation took human form, first as a fetus etc., just as plant seedlings sprout from seeds. But his conception was miraculous, injected into Mary's womb by the Holy Spirit.

Jesus' appearance was different than other celebrities; he came to do God's will, not focus attention on himself. But of course we do focus our attention on him in worship and praise. We do not desire Christ because of his worldly activities but, rather, because of his redemptive work on our behalf.

I doubt if this verse is saying Jesus was ugly, although during his scourging and crucifixion he was probably painful to look at.

(Isaiah 53:3) He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

In supreme humility Jesus allowed his person to be publicly reviled and insulted just as God was by the wicked. He endured this mistreatment but with much sorrow; he desires the best for each of us.

From our sin we experience guilt and shame when in God's presence. Better to experience these feelings before final judgment while we have opportunity to beg forgiveness. Just as Adam and Eve hid from God after they ate the forbidden fruit, so do us in original sin hide.

(Isaiah 53:4) Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem [regarded] him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

So many misunderstood Jesus. They saw his torture and crucifixion as evidence of God's disregard for him; if Jesus were truly of God he would live a life of glory and esteem.

Jesus experienced human misery to the full. He was truly one of us; he redeemed human nature via deification.

Jesus provided redemption from the eternal consequence of original sin; eternity in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 53:5) But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement [punishment] of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

Jesus suffered the indignities and abuses of Satan. By enduring this bad treatment, Jesus provoked God's wrath upon Satan; Jesus broke Satan's power over that part of the spiritual realm under his control, that part associated with the created universe and with humanity.

Redemption required suffering and death on the part of the redeemer. Some wrong views...

The light of God's presence invaded the spiritual realm and drove away darkness. Jesus deified human nature and the universe itself.

(Isaiah 53:6) All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

In wandering away from God's presence, in being immersed in original sin, we have lost our way. Notice the first thing that happened to Adam when he ate the forbidden fruit; he hid from God. This wandering away provoked God to provide a redeemer, a path to salvation, a plan of redemption.

Notice this verse does not say that God laid the punishment for our sins on Jesus; rather, the iniquity of us was laid on him. In becoming human, Jesus took on sinful human nature to deify it, to redeem it.

(Isaiah 53:7) He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

I wonder whether this is part of the reason Jesus was silent before his accusers, to fulfill this verse. Probably he was emotionally and physically exhausted; cold; in deep sorrow; in anguish of soul at man's inhumanity to man.

(Isaiah 53:8) He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare [consider, protest] his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

Jesus was arrested, imprisoned, judged, and killed; all this for the benefit of those he had come to redeem. No one came to his defense and no one stood up as witness to his true glory. Even today he is mocked and derided by many. Those of his generation were no better; those who believed in him hid for safety.

(Isaiah 53:9) And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because [although] he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.

Jesus died just as all us wicked humans do. He was buried in the tomb of the rich man Joseph of Arimathea who gave up his ritual cleanliness to bury him.

If death is a punishment for original sin, Jesus certainly didn't deserve this fate. He was peaceful and spoke only truth. I think it's more accurate to say that death is a condition of this present universe; it was created to be a place of suffering and death. But the universe was created in such a way as it could be redeemed in the new heavens and new earth as an eternal utopia.

(Isaiah 53:10) Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

The death of Jesus was a sacrifice to provide the same kind of benefit as the Old Testament animal sacrifices.

Jesus' work in providing redemption was effective and blesses billions of humans and untold trillions upon trillions of other creatures, all who have had to endure life in this universe of suffering and death.

(Isaiah 53:11) He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

God the Father was satisfied by the suffering of Jesus in providing for redemption. Some think this means that God's justice requires he torture and punish someone for original sin, and only Jesus could be tortured and punished adequately to provide redemption for all humans. This seems wrong to me.

God hears us when, in sorrow and suffering, we call out to him to save us. Jesus called out to God the Father to redeem the human race and all life in the universe when he endured the same kind of suffering experienced by everyone. Out of love for us, Jesus allowed himself to experience the worst of human misery so his heart's cry to the Lord would be genuine. How could God the Father resist answering this?

Notice Jesus provides redemption by his knowledge; he knows the eternal effect of original sin and, therefore, out of love for us, sacrifices himself to provide for redemption.

(Isaiah 53:12) Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

(Isaiah 54:1) Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.

(Isaiah 54:2) Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let them stretch forth the curtains of thine habitations: spare not, lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes;

(Isaiah 54:3) For thou shalt break forth on the right hand and on the left; and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and make the desolate cities to be inhabited.

(Isaiah 54:4) Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more.

(Isaiah 54:5) For thy Maker is thine husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.

(Isaiah 54:6) For the LORD hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God.

(Isaiah 54:7) For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee.

(Isaiah 54:8) In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer.

(Isaiah 54:9) For this is as the waters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee.

(Isaiah 54:10) For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee.

(Isaiah 54:11) O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires.

(Isaiah 54:12) And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.

(Isaiah 54:13) And all thy children shall be taught of the LORD; and great shall be the peace of thy children.

(Isaiah 54:14) In righteousness shalt thou be established: thou shalt be far from oppression; for thou shalt not fear: and from terror; for it shall not come near thee.

(Isaiah 54:15) Behold, they shall surely gather together, but not by me: whosoever shall gather together against thee shall fall for thy sake.

(Isaiah 54:16) Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in the fire, and that bringeth forth an instrument for his work; and I have created the waster to destroy.

(Isaiah 54:17) No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness is of me, saith the LORD.

(Isaiah 55:1) Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.

(Isaiah 55:2) Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.

(Isaiah 55:3) Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.

(Isaiah 55:4) Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.

(Isaiah 55:5) Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest not, and nations that knew not thee shall run unto thee because of the LORD thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee.

(Isaiah 55:6) Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near:

(Isaiah 55:7) Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.

(Isaiah 55:8) For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD.

God has thoughts. This should not surprise us since we have thought and God created us in his image. Thus, whatever we have, God also has. The converse is not true; God has many characteristics and attributes that we simply don't have. However, the content of our thoughts is different than God's. One reason for this is that our thoughts are filled with information from our senses and God does not experience each of our life events from within our skin. Another reason is because God is more busy with bigger, more glorious concerns than what we find to be so fascinating: our daily meals, our fashion, the daily news.

(Isaiah 55:9) For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.

Just as the heavens, meaning the sun, moon, planets, stars, galaxies; these are "up" there, while the earth is "down" here; in like manner, God's ways are higher than ours. There is a gulf between our ways and our thoughts, and God's. But we should strive to think more like God thinks and to live more Godly and virtuous lives; he models the righteous life through his Son, Jesus Christ. And he has provided teaching about faith and morals for us to follow.

(Isaiah 55:10) For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:

(Isaiah 55:11) So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.

God's purpose and will is never thwarted. Whatever God wills, comes to pass. We might not see its success, but that is because we don't know what God has really decreed. We are looking only at our small particular benefit; God is looking to the grand big picture, including the ultimate destruction of sin and death. He has allowed Satan to influence this world, probably because he honors a covenant he made with him before Satan rebelled. Satan is taking advantage of this but God has outwitted him and will ultimately win the war. God is able to use Satan's rebellion to create billions of redeemed humans who never would have had this opportunity without an adversary opposing them.

God has a mouth, and a face. He has a manifestation in the spiritual realm and he appears there in many, many forms; some are creatures (such as human or animal characteristics), some highly symbolic (such as rock, fortress).

(Isaiah 55:12) For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.

(Isaiah 55:13) Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off.

(Isaiah 56:1) Thus saith the LORD, Keep ye judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed.

(Isaiah 56:2) Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.

(Isaiah 56:3) Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying, The LORD hath utterly separated me from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree.

(Isaiah 56:4) For thus saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose the things that please me, and take hold of my covenant;

(Isaiah 56:5) Even unto them will I give in mine house and within my walls a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters: I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off.

(Isaiah 56:6) Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant;

(Isaiah 56:7) Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people.

(Isaiah 56:8) The Lord GOD, which gathereth the outcasts of Israel saith, Yet will I gather others to him, beside those that are gathered unto him.

(Isaiah 56:9) All ye beasts of the field, come to devour, yea, all ye beasts in the forest.

(Isaiah 56:10) His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.

(Isaiah 56:11) Yea, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.

(Isaiah 56:12) Come ye, say they, I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, and much more abundant.

(Isaiah 57:1) The righteous perisheth, and no man layeth [takes] it to heart: and merciful [devout] men are taken away, none considering that the righteous is taken away from the evil to come.

Speaking of a redeemed person. They die for a purpose but those unreflective people they left behind don't think about what it all means. The purpose of redemption is to spend eternity in the direct presence of God, of Jesus, in the new heavens and new earth.

Probably Isaiah is referring to violent events of his days. Usually the Old Testament prophecies are grounded in current events and the struggles of the oppressed and exploited people. Just as in our modern culture the fate of the poor and needy is disregarded by many.

The value to the world of a holy person is immense but the ungodly don't notice such things as the prayers for peace and prosperity, the good influence on the culture, the soothing words from someone who truly loves. TV and movies and most singing and even most news headlines and articles do the opposite.

(Isaiah 57:2) He shall enter into peace: they shall rest in their beds, each one walking in his uprightness.

Long after death, in the new heavens and new earth people lie down on beds and walk around — just as in this life.

(Isaiah 57:3) But draw near hither, ye sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer and the whore.

(Isaiah 57:4) Against whom do ye sport yourselves? against whom make ye a wide mouth, and draw out the tongue? are ye not children of transgression, a seed of falsehood,

(Isaiah 57:5) Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clifts of the rocks?

(Isaiah 57:6) Among the smooth stones of the stream is thy portion; they, they are thy lot: even to them hast thou poured a drink offering, thou hast offered a meat offering. Should I receive comfort in these?

(Isaiah 57:7) Upon a lofty and high mountain hast thou set thy bed: even thither wentest thou up to offer sacrifice.

(Isaiah 57:8) Behind the doors also and the posts hast thou set up thy remembrance: for thou hast discovered thyself to another than me, and art gone up; thou hast enlarged thy bed, and made thee a covenant with them; thou lovedst their bed where thou sawest it.

(Isaiah 57:9) And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase thyself even unto hell.

(Isaiah 57:10) Thou art wearied in the greatness of thy way; yet saidst thou not, There is no hope: thou hast found the life of thine hand; therefore thou wast not grieved.

(Isaiah 57:11) And of whom hast thou been afraid or feared, that thou hast lied, and hast not remembered me, nor laid it to thy heart? have not I held my peace even of old, and thou fearest me not?

(Isaiah 57:12) I will declare thy righteousness, and thy works; for they shall not profit thee.

(Isaiah 57:13) When thou criest, let thy companies deliver thee; but the wind shall carry them all away; vanity shall take them: but he that putteth his trust in me shall possess the land, and shall inherit my holy mountain;

(Isaiah 57:14) And shall say, Cast ye up, cast ye up, prepare the way, take up the stumblingblock out of the way of my people.

(Isaiah 57:15) For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.

(Isaiah 57:16) For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.

(Isaiah 57:17) For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: I hid me, and was wroth, and he went on frowardly in the way of his heart.

(Isaiah 57:18) I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and restore comforts unto him and to his mourners.

(Isaiah 57:19) I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to him that is far off, and to him that is near, saith the LORD; and I will heal him.

(Isaiah 57:20) But the wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt.

(Isaiah 57:21) There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.

(Isaiah 58:1) Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.

(Isaiah 58:2) Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook [abandoned] not the ordinance [command] of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice [just decisions]; they take delight in approaching to God.

People who sincerely desire to live a life pleasing to God but who leave out key ingredients. They have the cultural religious practices of a godly nation. We must practice and live out virtue and avoid vice.

(Isaiah 58:3) Wherefore [why] have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul [humbled ourselves], and thou takest no knowledge [have not noticed]? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure [do as you please], and exact [exploit] all your labours [workers].

I wonder why they think God hasn't seen and responded to their national days of fasting? What do they expect God to do?

(Isaiah 58:4) Behold, ye fast for strife and debate [arguing], and to smite [hit] with the fist of wickedness [wicked fists]: ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.

Fasting as a spiritual practice to draw closer to God requires other elements as well. Notice carefully the sin mentioned — anger and rage. For those who think anger is OK (because they are angry) this verse does not bode well.

(Isaiah 58:5) Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict [humble] his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush [reed], and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD?

Isaiah mentions in this verse the external elements; he is not saying they should stop doing these. This is a common mistake of Christianity, to abandon to necessity of living a holy life, replacing works of salvation with "faith only".

(Isaiah 58:6) Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?

God's standards for a religious nation involving justice and fairness for everyone, leaving no one behind. The modern Christian right movement often embraces radical conservativism which is all to happy to ignore the plight of the downtrodden with its emphasis on economic solutions which exclude the poor and disadvantaged. For example, increased demand results in increased prices meaning the poor no longer have access.

(Isaiah 58:7) Is it not to deal [share] thy bread to [with] the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out [the homeless] to [into] thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?

Being a religious nation requires taking care for the needs of the poor. Christendom failed at this. The original nation of Israel provided this, sort of. The goal of society should include helping the poor, for example...

  1. Housing
  2. Health care
  3. Food
  4. Safety

Some countries are more actively engaged in attaining this goal, of social justice.

(Isaiah 58:8) Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy rereward [rear guard].

(Isaiah 58:9) Then shalt thou call, and the LORD shall answer; thou shalt cry, and he shall say, Here I am. If thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking vanity;

(Isaiah 58:10) And if thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness be as the noon day:

(Isaiah 58:11) And the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.

(Isaiah 58:12) And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.

(Isaiah 58:13) If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words:

(Isaiah 58:14) Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

(Isaiah 59:1) Behold, the LORD's hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear:

(Isaiah 59:2) But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear.

This is a key verse. God does not reject us, we reject him. God is holy and cannot look upon sin. When we sin, we are repulsed away from God much as two magnets repel. Only in repenting can we again draw God near to us much as two magnets attract. Ultimately, those who end up spending eternity in hell do so because they refuse to draw near to God.

God literally has a face: in the physical realm this is the face of Jesus, in the spiritual realm he has many attributes; some like humans, some like animals, some like objects, some like ideas, some are manifestations of symbols.

God hears us when we call out to him. He is not deaf except when our sin renders him powerless to help. It's not that he doesn't hear us when we are steeped in sin but, rather, that we are asking sinful things, for selfish things. Sin is, by definition, that which opposes God's will so we can't expect to be opposing God at the same time we pray fine prayers to him. If our hearts are dirty, God knows this, and our prayers are hindered. Only in repentance can we ask God for the right things. Thus, if we are in sin the only prayer God will hear is, "Lord, forgive me for I am a sinner". Of course, without true repentance with works to prove it, God cannot hear even this prayer.

The usual interpretation of such passages as these is that they are using the figure of speech personification. But they can just as properly be interpreted strictly literally.

In my view of the Spiritual Realm and Creative Frames view of the universe, all living things as well as ideas, symbols — all of life — exists only within the spiritual realm. The physical world is merely inert matter.

In addition, God is not merely an ethereal, gauzy, structureless Spirit; rather, he has various forms, all of which reside in the highest spiritual realm, in heaven. Likewise, us humans have form and structure in our soul. We have a spiritual body just as angels do. Our spiritual body interacts with God's spiritual forms and structures and thus God literally "hides his face from us". It's not a face composed of physical matter but one composed of spiritual substance.

(Isaiah 59:3) For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath muttered perverseness.

(Isaiah 59:4) None calleth for justice, nor any pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity.

(Isaiah 59:5) They hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth, and that which is crushed breaketh out into a viper.

(Isaiah 59:6) Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works are works of iniquity, and the act of violence is in their hands.

(Isaiah 59:7) Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; wasting and destruction are in their paths.

(Isaiah 59:8) The way of peace they know not; and there is no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths: whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.

(Isaiah 59:9) Therefore is judgment far from us, neither doth justice overtake us: we wait for light, but behold obscurity; for brightness, but we walk in darkness.

(Isaiah 59:10) We grope for the wall like the blind, and we grope as if we had no eyes: we stumble at noon day as in the night; we are in desolate places as dead men.

(Isaiah 59:11) We roar all like bears, and mourn sore like doves: we look for judgment, but there is none; for salvation, but it is far off from us.

(Isaiah 59:12) For our transgressions are multiplied before thee, and our sins testify against us: for our transgressions are with us; and as for our iniquities, we know them;

(Isaiah 59:13) In transgressing and lying against the LORD, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood.

(Isaiah 59:14) And judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth is fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter.

(Isaiah 59:15) Yea, truth faileth; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and the LORD saw it, and it displeased him that there was no judgment.

(Isaiah 59:16) And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him.

(Isaiah 59:17) For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloak.

(Isaiah 59:18) According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence.

(Isaiah 59:19) So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him.

(Isaiah 59:20) And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD.

Jesus is the redeemer; he came to Zion and to those in Israel who repented of their sin. Zion, Jerusalem, is the city David took when he moved his capital from Hebron.

(Isaiah 59:21) As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.

There was to be a new covenant that would endure forever. This covenant began with Jesus' incarnation and will continue into the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 60:1) Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee.

As in awakening from sleep in the morning sun, so also, our soul is to awaken upon encountering the Lord, upon hearing the gospel, the good news or redemption. In the spiritual realm, this good news literally is light; just as symbols have actual existence in the spiritual realm — they are not merely constructs of the mind.

(Isaiah 60:2) For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.

Satan's kingdom of darkness covers the universe, especially the spiritual realm corresponding to the universe and the inhabitants living in it.

(Isaiah 60:3) And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.

This new covenant is not just for Jews. The word "kings" refers to non-Jewish rulers.

(Isaiah 60:4) Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed [carried] at thy side.

(Isaiah 60:5) Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear [in awe], and be enlarged [rejoice]; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted [brought] unto thee, the forces [riches] of the Gentiles shall come unto thee.

(Isaiah 60:6) The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries [camels] of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD.

(Isaiah 60:7) All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.

In the new heavens and new earth there will be a literal nation of Israel having a temple, temple worship, and sacrifices (animals will not be killed; there will be some sort of Eucharistic transformation like with Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac). Those of the redeemed who had some sort of connection with Israel while alive will enjoy taking pilgrimage to Israel and to participate in temple worship. The 144,000 of Revelation are those particular 144,000 redeemed Jews who choose to dedicate there eternal life in the new heavens and new earth to living in Israel under the Mosaic Law. The last chapters of Ezekiel describe the literal details of this.

(Isaiah 60:8) Who are these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?

(Isaiah 60:9) Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.

(Isaiah 60:10) And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.

(Isaiah 60:11) Therefore thy gates shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that their kings may be brought.

(Isaiah 60:12) For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted.

Only those who serve, love, and choose God will be part of the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 60:13) The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious.

Notice in the new heavens and new earth dreams and aspirations which were thwarted while in this world will be actualized and fulfilled. Thus, we will enjoy the fulfillment of our every dream, the desires of our heart.

(Isaiah 60:14) The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee, The city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.

I believe the great white throne judgment will be a time of forgiveness and reconciliation for all the redeemed before entering the new heavens and new earth. The sequence of events...

  1. At death we encounter the glorified Christ and accept or reject him.
  2. For those who accept Christ, purgatory to resolve all those mental soulish attachments to sin and to work out all the hurtful things we've done to others, including God.
  3. Christ's second coming and all are given a resurrected body.
  4. Great White Throne Judgment having 2 purposes: (1) God proves to the world he is just in sending some to eternity in the lake of fire, and (2) the redeemed ask forgiveness from those they've hurt and forgive those who've hurt them.
  5. The new heavens and new earth, our final eternal home.

(Isaiah 60:15) Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.

A common theme is to list bad things and announce these will no longer occur.

(Isaiah 60:16) Thou shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breast of kings: and thou shalt know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.

Strictly literal. In the new heavens and new earth there will be procreation and child rearing. There will also be the dichotomy between God's chosen covenant nation Israel inhabiting Palestine and everyone else (the Gentiles). There will be rulership and political science.

(Isaiah 60:17) For brass [bronze] I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass [bronze], and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness.

Those having charge over us in this current world are all-too-often warlike, exploitive, deceitful, and conniving; and they tax and oppress us unjustly. There will be none of this in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 60:18) Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.

Those teaching a literal 1,000 year utopian millennium kingdom will have trouble with this verse. How is it possible for violence to be eradicated until sin, wickedness, and evil are exterminated permanently?

(Isaiah 60:19) The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory.

Referring to the new heavens and new earth. People typically interpret passages such as this figuratively but I see no reason to do so; I interpret it strictly literally.

(Isaiah 60:20) Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: for the LORD shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning [sorrow] shall be ended.

Especially in those pre-modern days, the darkness of nighttime, especially with no moon, was a serious hardship.

(Isaiah 60:21) Thy people also shall be all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.

What a joy to not have to deal with unrighteous people, especially those actively promoting wickedness or who have destroyed their lives through serious substance abuse.

(Isaiah 60:22) A little one shall become a thousand, and a small one a strong nation: I the LORD will hasten it in his time.

In the new heavens and new earth everyone will succeed in their plans. There will be no limits to the amount of space we have on a finite planet. There will be nations, businesses, trade, agriculture, artisans.

(Isaiah 61:1) The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

Jesus quoted this passage, applying it to himself. There can be no redemption without a redeemer.

(Isaiah 61:2) To proclaim the acceptable [favorable] year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

Notice judgment lasts a day while God's favor lasts a year. Of course, God's favor really lasts forever; he renews this year of favor every year. But once he judges someone to eternity in the lake of fire, he is finished with them.

(Isaiah 61:3) To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.

In providing eternal redemption, God replaces the bad things of this world with good; all this, to bring glory to God. In blessing us, God brings glory to himself. We should accept it, that God is glorious. In every event and activity of life, we should acknowledge God's glory.

(Isaiah 61:4) And they shall build the old wastes, they shall raise up the former desolations, and they shall repair the waste [ruined] cities, the desolations of many generations.

I'm wondering whether once in the new heavens and new earth we will first rebuild.

(Isaiah 61:5) And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien [foreigners] shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers.

In the new heavens and new earth some people will work for others, in this case, for Israel. I think the idea is that, formerly, the people of Israel (as judgment for their sin) were servants and slaves of other nations, but once redeemed it will be the other way around; non-Israelites will work for Israel. This is because people will willingly choose to interact with God's covenant nation Israel as a blessing to themselves and to God.

(Isaiah 61:6) But ye shall be named the Priests of the LORD: men shall call you the Ministers of our God: ye shall eat the riches of the Gentiles, and in their glory shall ye boast yourselves.

The 144,000 Israelites who live in the land of Israel for all of eternity in the new heavens and new earth will be objects of devotion to God. In other words, non-Jews will come to Jerusalem to offer gifts and to participate in the temple worship. The idea is that by loving what God loves you express love for God. This is similar to various Catholic devotions to Mary, the Saints, and formalized devotions such as the Sacred Heart, Divine Mercy Chaplet, etc.

(Isaiah 61:7) For your shame ye shall have double; and for confusion they shall rejoice in their portion: therefore in their land they shall possess the double: everlasting joy shall be unto them.

The bad things received in life at the hand of their enemies (shame, disgrace, humiliation, confusion) will be repaid with good, with a double portion of good (actually a lot more than double).

(Isaiah 61:8) For I the LORD love judgment, I hate robbery for burnt offering; and I will direct their work in truth, and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.

It's hard to believe the priests used the sacrifices as an opportunity to rob the people, perhaps referring to something like the money changers of Jesus' day. But there are many examples in Church history of corrupt leaders exploiting the people.

(Isaiah 61:9) And their seed shall be known among the Gentiles, and their offspring among the people: all that see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed which the LORD hath blessed.

This extended prophecy is directed specifically to those of Israel so it addresses topics meaningful only to them.

(Isaiah 61:10) I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.

(Isaiah 61:11) For as the earth bringeth forth her bud, and as the garden causeth the things that are sown in it to spring forth; so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.

(Isaiah 62:1) For Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that burneth.

(Isaiah 62:2) And the Gentiles shall see thy righteousness, and all kings thy glory: and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of the LORD shall name.

This was a shocking concept to the Jews, to God's chosen people, that the Gentiles would also have a special relationship with God. The people of all nations as well as their rulers will receive blessings from God. God's chosen people, the Jews, were to usher in the glory of God first to themselves and their descendants, then to the whole world; they were placed in the land to bless the world. They wanted to keep their cozy relationship with God to themselves. God needed to single out a particular people to incubate the concept of monotheism, but his intent was to share it with everyone when the time was ripe.

Whatever it is the name signifies is of great importance to the person. Both the old name and the new name were dominant aspects of the person's life. For example, for a poor person, being poor has an overwhelming impact on their lives determining what they can and can't do, and how much time and effort they must spend struggling with the smallest details in life such as obtaining food, clothing, and shelter.

Perhaps the idea of being named means nothing more than the changing of conditions, of attributes. Like the words of the hymn, "I once was lost but now I'm found", having two names — "lost" and "found". In this sense then, the word "name" means "descriptor".

(Isaiah 62:3) Thou shalt also be a crown of glory in the hand of the LORD, and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God.

(Isaiah 62:4) Thou shalt no more be termed Forsaken; neither shall thy land any more be termed Desolate: but thou shalt be called Hephzibah, and thy land Beulah: for the LORD delighteth in thee, and thy land shall be married.

Their glorious future condition is that God will delight in them just as someone married is delighted in by their spouse. Currently, however, they are forsaken and desolate, not delighted in by anybody. But notice they will be married to the land even in the new heavens and new earth. Probably the idea is that the land is married to God and, therefore, usable by those God delights in.

(Isaiah 62:5) For as a young man marrieth a virgin, so shall thy sons marry thee: and as the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, so shall thy God rejoice over thee.

(Isaiah 62:6) I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, which shall never hold their peace day nor night: ye that make mention of the LORD, keep not silence,

(Isaiah 62:7) And give him no rest, till he establish, and till he make Jerusalem a praise in the earth.

(Isaiah 62:8) The LORD hath sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, Surely I will no more give thy corn to be meat for thine enemies; and the sons of the stranger shall not drink thy wine, for the which thou hast laboured:

(Isaiah 62:9) But they that have gathered it shall eat it, and praise the LORD; and they that have brought it together shall drink it in the courts of my holiness.

(Isaiah 62:10) Go through, go through the gates; prepare ye the way of the people; cast up, cast up the highway; gather out the stones; lift up a standard for the people.

(Isaiah 62:11) Behold, the LORD hath proclaimed unto the end of the world, Say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy salvation cometh; behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him.

Notice the phrase "daughter of Zion" refers to people, not a place.

(Isaiah 62:12) And they shall call them, The holy people, The redeemed of the LORD: and thou shalt be called, Sought out, A city not forsaken.

Notice the phrase "daughter of Zion" refers to people, not a place.

(Isaiah 63:1) Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.

(Isaiah 63:2) Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat?

(Isaiah 63:3) I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.

(Isaiah 63:4) For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come.

(Isaiah 63:5) And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me.

(Isaiah 63:6) And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.

(Isaiah 63:7) I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, and the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.

(Isaiah 63:8) For he said, Surely they are my people, children that will not lie: so he was their Saviour.

(Isaiah 63:9) In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old.

(Isaiah 63:10) But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

(Isaiah 63:11) Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying, Where is he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where is he that put his holy Spirit within him?

(Isaiah 63:12) That led them by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to make himself an everlasting name?

(Isaiah 63:13) That led them through the deep, as an horse in the wilderness, that they should not stumble?

(Isaiah 63:14) As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.

(Isaiah 63:15) Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where is thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained?

(Isaiah 63:16) Doubtless thou art our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, art our father, our redeemer; thy name is from everlasting.

(Isaiah 63:17) O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, and hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.

(Isaiah 63:18) The people of thy holiness have possessed it but a little while: our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary.

(Isaiah 63:19) We are thine: thou never barest rule over them; they were not called by thy name.

(Isaiah 64:1) Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence,

(Isaiah 64:2) As when the melting fire burneth, the fire causeth the waters to boil, to make thy name known to thine adversaries, that the nations may tremble at thy presence!

(Isaiah 64:3) When thou didst terrible things which we looked not for, thou camest down, the mountains flowed down at thy presence.

(Isaiah 64:4) For since the beginning of the world men have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, neither hath the eye seen, O God, beside thee, what he hath prepared for him that waiteth for him.

The word "wait" means "love".

(Isaiah 64:5) Thou meetest him that rejoiceth and worketh righteousness, those that remember thee in thy ways: behold, thou art wroth; for we have sinned: in those is continuance, and we shall be saved.

This passage states clearly that God meets those who are righteous and holy. The problem is that the society has become corrupt and they don't do this anymore. This passage does not teach the doctrine of total depravity.

(Isaiah 64:6) But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

(Isaiah 64:7) And there is none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, because of our iniquities.

(Isaiah 64:8) But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

(Isaiah 64:9) Be not wroth very sore, O LORD, neither remember iniquity for ever: behold, see, we beseech thee, we are all thy people.

(Isaiah 64:10) Thy holy cities are a wilderness, Zion is a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation.

(Isaiah 64:11) Our holy and our beautiful house, where our fathers praised thee, is burned up with fire: and all our pleasant things are laid waste.

(Isaiah 64:12) Wilt thou refrain thyself for these things, O LORD? wilt thou hold thy peace, and afflict us very sore?

(Isaiah 65:1) I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called by my name.

A reference to the new covenant of Jesus in which non-Jews would seek redemption and eternity in God's presence. Paul quotes this in Romans.

(Isaiah 65:2) I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way that was not good, after their own thoughts;

(Isaiah 65:3) A people that provoketh me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick;

(Isaiah 65:4) Which remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments, which eat swine's flesh, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels;

(Isaiah 65:5) Which say, Stand by thyself, come not near to me; for I am holier than thou. These are a smoke in my nose, a fire that burneth all the day.

(Isaiah 65:6) Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom,

(Isaiah 65:7) Your iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together, saith the LORD, which have burned incense upon the mountains, and blasphemed me upon the hills: therefore will I measure their former work into their bosom.

(Isaiah 65:8) Thus saith the LORD, As the new wine is found in the cluster, and one saith, Destroy it not; for a blessing is in it: so will I do for my servants' sakes, that I may not destroy them all.

(Isaiah 65:9) And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains: and mine elect shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there.

A descendant from the tribe of Judah will fix all the problems mentioned above and provide redemption, of restored fellowship with God. This, of course, refers to Jesus. I don't see how it's possible to interpret this verse in a way making the Messiah to be merely a Jewish revolutionary who would, centuries in the future, cast off Roman rule over Palestine.

Notice the reference to the mountains of Israel. In my view this literally refers to the mountains and hills of Israel. At his second coming, Jesus comes back to claim ownership of Israel, in fact he finally touches down in Jerusalem on the Mount of Olives. In the new heavens and new earth the Jews wishing to remain Jewish for all eternity, the 144,000, will live in Israel and will travel regularly to the temple in Jerusalem to worship.

(Isaiah 65:10) And Sharon shall be a fold of flocks, and the valley of Achor a place for the herds to lie down in, for my people that have sought me.

(Isaiah 65:11) But ye are they that forsake the LORD, that forget my holy mountain, that prepare a table for that troop [Gad, a false god], and that furnish the drink offering unto that number [Meni, a false god].

Speaking to the Jews who were to focus their worship of God at the temple in Jerusalem which was on Mt. Zion, a literal hill. Some commentators say the phrase "holy mountain" used here refers to the Church. Nonsense! It refers to the actual hill named Mt. Zion.

(Isaiah 65:12) Therefore will I number you to the sword, and ye shall all bow down to the slaughter: because when I called, ye did not answer; when I spake, ye did not hear; but did evil before mine eyes, and did choose that wherein I delighted not.

(Isaiah 65:13) Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed:

Comparing the fate of those who worship God which those who rejected him. Verse 17 tells of when these blessings will occur: in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 65:14) Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.

We will sing in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 65:15) And ye shall leave your name for a curse unto my chosen: for the Lord GOD shall slay thee, and call his servants by another name:

The wicked people being mentioned cause troubles for the righteous so it is natural they will curse them for causing these troubles.

(Isaiah 65:16) That he who blesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth; and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from mine eyes.

New Heavens & New Earth

(Isaiah 65:17) For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.

The new heavens and new earth is the final goal of human life. Most Christians seem to think our final goal is heaven, but it's hard to understand why since the Bible never says this. Instead, it states the new heavens and new earth is where we will spend eternity with God.

This verse does not say that in the new heavens and new earth we will have no memories of our life in this world. It is contrasting the troubles we have in this life with the freedom from troubles in the future eternal life. In the new heavens and new earth somehow bad memories will be erased while retaining good memories. We will see things as God sees them. I don't think God sees any of the bad things that occur in this world, rather, I think he sees the opportunity to make good come out of it. As modern managers love to say when they encounter problems, difficulties, and troubles; "We have an opportunity here". As annoying as this quaint euphemism is (they have effectively rendered two words meaningless: problem and opportunity), I think it aptly highlights God's perspective on things.

(Isaiah 65:18) But be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy.

(Isaiah 65:19) And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people: and the voice of weeping shall be no more heard in her, nor the voice of crying.

Notice the emphasis of the city of Jerusalem in the new heavens and new earth.

There will no longer be sadness because there will be no more sin; God will be able to bless everyone and every situation.

(Isaiah 65:20) There shall be no more thence [from there] an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed.

At first reading this verse appears to say that people will die in the new heavens and new earth but it doesn't actually say this. Most commentators who claim to interpret the Bible literally to support their views of the millennium and the rapture interpret this verse in a most arbitrary or allegorical manner. Even though the direct context is the new heavens and new earth, they claim this refers to the Church or to the 1,000 year millennium. My view is truly literal, strictly literal.

Isaiah compares conditions in the present sinful world (this world) with the utopia of the eternal new heavens and new earth (that world)...

  1. In this world infants die; in that world this doesn't happen. There are infants, but they don't die at all.
  2. In this world, people die before living out their full lifespan; in that world this doesn't happen. in fact, no one ever dies.
  3. In that world, if a child were to die, they would be 100 years old (but they don't die at all). Presumably, in that world, children finally become adults when 100 years old. This implies that women become pregnant and children are born to them; that there is lifelong (eternal) marriage with conjugal relations.
  4. In that world, if there were sin, it would be judged; sinners who lived to be 100 years old would be judged, not allowed to live on in their sin for decades as in this world.

Job uses the phrase "few days" to refer to the human lifespan which is short in the grand scheme of things.

(Isaiah 65:21) And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them.

Notice the various activities in the new heavens and new earth: building houses, farming, eating.

(Isaiah 65:22) They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree are the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.

The bad things that occur in this current world will not happen in the new heavens and new earth; people will not steal from you or exploit you. Notice that people will work and not merely float around. This eternal state will be just like this world but without sin, pain, suffering, death.

(Isaiah 65:23) They shall not labour in vain, nor bring forth for trouble; for they are the seed of the blessed of the LORD, and their offspring with them.

(Isaiah 65:24) And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear.

(Isaiah 65:25) The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent's meat [food]. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the LORD.

This is still talking about conditions in the new heavens and new earth. There are wild animals and domesticated animals. Animals do not hurt humans nor do they eat each other anymore.

(Isaiah 66:1) Thus saith the LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest?

The word "heaven" here refers to the spiritual realm, in fact, to the highest level of the spiritual realm where God resides, in which God has his being. God manifests his glory in the spiritual realm just as someone sits on a throne. This image is literal, not figurative. God acts out his interactions with the created order of spiritual and physical in tangible (but spiritual) ways. Thus God sits, speaks, walks, etc.

The word "earth" refers to the realm of humans, not necessarily to the physical earth but to the corresponding spiritual earth as it interacts with humans. God has feet (in the spiritual realm) and rests them on the earth (also in the spiritual realm).

(Isaiah 66:2) For all those things hath mine hand made, and [thus] all those things have been [come into being], saith the LORD: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.

God has created both physical realm and spiritual realm.

The characteristics of a godly person...

  1. aware of their tendency to sin
  2. repentant of their sins
  3. aware of God's holiness
  4. wish to not offend God
  5. submission to God's way

(Isaiah 66:3) He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine's blood; he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.

The religious activities of wicked phoney religious are worthless; God sees into their heart. It was always a necessary precondition of those under Old Testament law to have the proper disposition as expressed in the previous verse.

(Isaiah 66:4) I also will choose their delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none did answer; when I spake, they did not hear: but they did evil before mine eyes, and chose that in which I delighted not.

For those on the wrong path God offers correction, in the case of those under the Mosaic law through the prophets such as Isaiah. This is useless for those not having the characteristics mentioned above.

(Isaiah 66:5) Hear the word of the LORD, ye that tremble at his word; Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake, said, Let the LORD be glorified: but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed.

There is a spiritual war between the godly and the ungodly. The ungodly think their views should prevail in society and they try to crush opposing views.

(Isaiah 66:6) A voice of noise from the city, a voice from the temple, a voice of the LORD that rendereth recompence to his enemies.

(Isaiah 66:7) Before she travailed [went into labor], she brought forth [gave birth]; before her pain came, she was delivered of [gave birth to] a man child [boy].

Things have to happen in the correct sequence. This verse gives an example of the reverse sequence.

Notice the poetry: the same thing is said twice with different images and words each time.

(Isaiah 66:8) Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children.

Referring to the suddenness of God's bringing in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 66:9) Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth? saith the LORD: shall I cause to bring forth, and shut the womb? saith thy God.

(Isaiah 66:10) Rejoice ye with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all ye that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all ye that mourn for her:

(Isaiah 66:11) That ye may suck, and be satisfied with the breasts of her consolations; that ye may milk out, and be delighted with the abundance of her glory.

(Isaiah 66:12) For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream: then shall ye suck, ye shall be borne upon her sides, and be dandled upon her knees.

Notice the reference to the Gentiles. This passage is not merely referring to Israel returning home after the Babylonian exile.

(Isaiah 66:13) As one whom his mother comforteth, so will I comfort you; and ye shall be comforted in Jerusalem.

Notice the reference to Jerusalem. This pins the time period referred to as the new heavens and new earth. Those thinking it's about the Church must allegorize the word "Jerusalem" giving it the meaning "Church". I find it odd that those who do this typically claim to interpret the Bible literally, but they are only literal when it suits them. Others claim this refers to a 1,000 year earthly millennial kingdom having Jerusalem as its capitol. But notice this is sandwiched between two specific mentions of the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 66:14) And when ye see this, your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like an herb: and the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, and his indignation toward his enemies.

(Isaiah 66:15) For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire.

The second coming of Christ occurs just before the general resurrection leading to the new heavens and new earth. The only other event after the general resurrection is the the great white throne judgment.

(Isaiah 66:16) For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with [execute judgment on] all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many.

Notice the word "all" and the word "flesh". I think as part of Christ's second coming he interacts in the spiritual realm with the souls of all those who have died in all previous time periods. For the unredeemed this manifests with fire and swords, perhaps a reference to being cast into the lake of fire.

(Isaiah 66:17) They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the midst [middle], eating swine's flesh, and the abomination [detestable things], and the mouse, shall be consumed [come to an end] together, saith the LORD.

The word "tree" is not in the text. A reference to a pagan ceremony led by someone referred to by the word "one". This leader and the followers will all come to an end during God's judgment. This refers to final judgment, not a preliminary event before a 1,000 year millennium.

(Isaiah 66:18) For I know their works and their thoughts: it shall come [the time is coming], that I will gather all nations and tongues [languages]; and they shall come, and see my glory.

Notice the word "all". Does this include those no longer existing?

(Isaiah 66:19) And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape [survivors] of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul [Put], and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.

Some sort of evangelistic outreach. The question is when this occurs. Some options...

  1. Around the time of Isaiah
  2. At the second coming
  3. Starting with Jesus with the Church
  4. The beginning of the new heavens and new earth, as a call to come to Jerusalem to worship

(Isaiah 66:20) And they shall bring all your brethren for an offering unto the LORD out of all nations upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters [palanquins], and upon mules, and upon swift beasts [camels], to my holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the LORD, as the children of Israel bring an offering in a clean vessel into the house of the LORD.

Notice the word "all": all the brethren from all nations. Notice that the people are offered, the Jews who had been dispersed throughout the world. Notice they use animal and perhaps human power for transportation.

(Isaiah 66:21) And I will also take of them for priests and for Levites, saith the LORD.

Some of these dispersed Jews were Levites and could, therefore, be priests.

(Isaiah 66:22) For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain [endure] before me, saith the LORD, so shall your seed [offspring] and your name remain [endure].

We will have children in the new heavens and new earth. The name and lineage of Jews will endure, this, in the new heavens and new earth. This entire extended passage has in mind the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 66:23) And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD.

Notice the word "all" and the word "flesh". There will be temple worship and observance of the Sabbath in the new heavens and new earth.

(Isaiah 66:24) And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases [corpses] of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring [loathsome] unto all flesh.

Notice the word "flesh".

If we interpret this verse literally we have several conclusions...

  1. The redeemed will one day encounter the unredeemed. In my view this occurs at the great white throne judgment in which we interact with those who have harmed us for the purpose of demonstrating for all the world to see that God is just in sending the wicked, including Satan, to the lake of fire. After this we will permanently forget such unpleasant memories. In purgatory we address the consequences of our own sin, at the great white throne judgment the effects on us of the sins of others.
  2. Those in the lake of fire will experience continual annihilation, destruction, and decay: worms and fire will consume their body.

King James Version